Metabolic Effects of Perimenopause (MAAP)

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University of North Carolina (UNC)

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Perimenopausal Disorder

Treatments

Other: Non-caloric Placebo water
Other: Whey Protein Isolate

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06098183
23-2338

Details and patient eligibility

About

Starting in early-perimenopause, changes in systemic and tissue level metabolism result in an accelerated loss of muscle mass and an increase in body fat. Our preliminary work indicates that metabolic alterations, specifically a decrease in whole-body protein balance, increase in abdominal adiposity, and reduced metabolic flexibility during exercise is most evident in perimenopause. Exercise is a potent stimulator of skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity. High intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to be an effective exercise strategy to support cardiometabolic health in overweight and obese young women. Skeletal muscle is critical to maintaining metabolic health and functionality across the lifespan, and is considered the primary diver of whole-body insulin resistance.There is a significant decrease in muscle mass across the menopause transition, which is often exacerbated by a significant gain in fat mass and visceral fat. Protein consumption prior to HIIT has resulted in improvements in energy expenditure and fat oxidation in young women. The overarching objective of this study is to determine the metabolic response of HIIT compared to traditional aerobic exercise in early and late perimenopausal women. Aim 1 will examine the metabolic responses (glucose, insulin sensitivity, energy expenditure) of HIIT vs aerobic exercise, combined with pre-exercise carbohydrate or protein ingestion, in overweight/obese (BMI: 28-40 Kg/m^2) early and late perimenopausal women. Aim 2 will explore the impact of perimenopause on the fat oxidation and protein turnover before and after exercise. Lastly, aim 3 will explore the modulating effect of intramuscular fat on these metabolic outcomes.

Enrollment

30 estimated patients

Sex

Female

Ages

38 to 60 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Early and late perimenopausal women (≥38 years; early: experienced menstrual bleeding in the previous 3 months with a decrease in cycle regularity in the past year; late: no menstrual bleeding in the previous 3 months with some bleeding in the previous year).
  • Overweight and obese: body mass index (BMI) of 28 - 40 Kg/m^2 and percent body fat (%BF) ≥ 30%.
  • Healthy, non-smokers.

Exclusion criteria

  • Have current and/or history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, metabolic, thyroid, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal disorders or medical or surgical events, such as bariatric surgery, heart surgery, or any joint or musculoskeletal injuries or surgeries occurring in the 6-months prior to enrollment, that may significantly influence study outcomes or prevent safe participation.
  • Gained or lost >5 kg in the previous 2 months
  • Have a self-identified or clinically diagnosed eating disorder
  • Undergone a full or partial hysterectomy for treatment of menopausal symptoms
  • Have uncontrolled hypertension or an abnormal electrocardiogram.
  • Have an ongoing diagnosed mental disorder with a change in medication in the previous 6 months.
  • Taking metabolism-altering drugs or medications outside of estrogen replacement therapy that may influence study outcomes (i.e. corticosteroids, stimulants, insulin, thyroid medications) or phytoestrogens.
  • Diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
  • Participating in more than 75 minutes per week of moderate exercise per week.
  • Currently pregnant or planning to become pregnant (determined from urine pregnancy test)
  • Currently nursing or have had a child within the previous 6 months
  • Has participated in another clinical trial within four weeks prior to enrollment that in the opinion of the PI would influence the results.
  • Has severely impaired hearing or speech or inability to speak English.
  • Unwilling or unable to comply with the study protocol, including abstaining from caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, and physical activity before testing days.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

30 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Whey protein isolate, then Non-caloric placebo
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will randomly consume a whey protein isolate (Dymatize ISO-100) mixed with 6 oz of water prior to exercise. After a minimum of 48 hrs they will consume a non-caloric placebo (6 oz of water) prior to exercise.
Treatment:
Other: Whey Protein Isolate
Other: Non-caloric Placebo water
Non-caloric placebo, then Whey protein isolate
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants will randomly consume a non-caloric placebo (6 oz of water) prior to exercise. After a minimum of 48 hrs they will consume a whey protein isolate (Dymatize ISO-100) mixed with 6 oz of water prior to exercise.
Treatment:
Other: Whey Protein Isolate
Other: Non-caloric Placebo water

Trial contacts and locations

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Central trial contact

Abbie Smith-Ryan, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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