MEtformin and Lorcaserin for WeighT Loss in Schizophrenia (MELT)

University of North Carolina (UNC) logo

University of North Carolina (UNC)

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 4

Conditions

Overweight
Schizophrenia
Schizoaffective Disorder

Treatments

Drug: Metformin
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Lorcaserin

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT02796144
15-1998
1R01DK105526-01A1 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to test new pharmacologic strategies for weight loss in patients with schizophrenia, a population for which no current weight-loss treatments have gained widespread use. The goal is to recruit overweight people with schizophrenia to participate in a 52-week double-blind, randomized study to assess the efficacy and safety of lorcaserin/metformin combination treatment, lorcaserin monotherapy, and placebo on weight, body composition, and measures of glucose and lipid metabolism. Participants: Approximately 110 subjects will be enrolled at four clinical sites (UNC Chapel Hill, Carolina Behavioral Care, Columbia University, and Augusta University) Procedures (methods): Behavioral: All participants will be offered a behavioral intervention of weekly diet and exercise counseling aimed at modifying cardiovascular risk factors. This intervention will be provided at all in-person study visits after the Baseline Visit and supplemented with weekly interim phone calls to reinforce lessons between visits. Pharmacological Intervention: All participants who meet entry criteria will be randomized to one of the three treatment groups (lorcaserin/metformin, lorcaserin, and placebo).

Full description

Overview of Procedures: All procedures will be conducted at either the UNC Hospitals outpatient clinic in Chapel Hill, NC, at the outpatient North Carolina Psychiatric Research Center (NCPRC), a specialized program of the University of North Carolina Center for Excellence in Community Mental Health in Raleigh, NC, at Carolina Behavioral Care in Hillsborough, NC, at the Lieber Schizophrenia Research Clinic at the New York State Psychiatric Institute (NYSPI) in New York, NY, or at Augusta University in Augusta, GA. Screening: During the initial clinic visit and after giving informed consent, prospective subjects' psychiatric and medical histories will be reviewed, physical exams conducted, demographics and vital signs taken, and blood and urine collected. Fasting labs will be ordered to measure metabolic parameters (lipid profile, glucose, hemoglobin A1C, insulin and lipids) as well as a complete blood count (CBC), electrolytes, liver/renal function tests, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), urinalysis (UA), serum pregnancy test, and urine drug screen (UDS). The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) will be administered to confirm diagnoses and the Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S) will be used to evaluate global psychopathology. The baseline visit will be scheduled within 28 days of the screening visit. A battery of assessments will be administered including the Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S), the Alcohol Use Scale (AUS), Drug Use Scale (DUS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), three assessments to measure eating behavior (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), and Food Craving Inventory (FCI)). In addition to the paper pencil assessments, a 24 hour food recall assessment will be administered as a telephone questionnaire by trained personnel from the UNC Nutrition and Obesity Research Center. Accelerometry will also be used to estimate subjects' sedentary and active behavior. Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) will also be conducted at the baseline visit (UNC location only). Lastly, the first behavioral intervention lesson will occur at the baseline visit, providing direct lesson instruction and a diary for subjects' to take home for recording their homework and progress. At the completion of the baseline visit, subjects who continue to meet study inclusion criteria will be randomized to one of the three treatment groups (lorcaserin & metformin, lorcaserin, and placebo). Lorcaserin will be administered in dosages of 10mg with a maximum dose of 20mg. Metformin will be administered in dosages of 500mg with a maximum dose of 2,000mg. In addition, matching placebos will be administered for each drug. Doses will be adjusted based on subject tolerability. All participants will be offered a behavioral intervention of weekly diet and exercise counseling aimed at modifying cardiovascular risk factors including weight, activity level, blood glucose, blood pressure and lipids. This intervention will be provided by a trained clinician in individualized sessions at all study visits after the Baseline Visit and supplemented with weekly interim phone calls to reinforce lessons between visits. The intervention was adapted from a weight-reduction program developed for patients with severe mental illnesses and was used in the Metformin in the Treatment of Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain in Schizophrenia (METS) and the Clinical Management of Metabolic Problems in Patients with Schizophrenia: Switching to Aripiprazole versus Continued Treatment with Olanzapine, Quetiapine, or Risperidone (CAMP) trials and is therefore well known to our research group and readily implemented as part of the current proposal. After study enrollment, subjects will be scheduled for a Week 1 and Week 2 study visit. The purpose of these visits will be to assess medication management (i.e., symptoms, adverse events/side effects, adherence, adjust dose as indicated), collect vital signs, and provide the behavioral therapy intervention. The CGI-S will be completed again at both Week 1 and Week 2, however, the BPRS and C-SSRS will be completed at Week 2 only. The next 5 study visits will be scheduled as bi-weekly in-person visits. These visits will be similar to Week 1 and Week, 2 with the addition of the Substance Use Scale and Alcohol Use Questionnaire. After the first two behavioral intervention sessions, interim telephone calls will be made between in-person study visits to each participant to reinforce elements of the program and to answer questions. After the Week 12 study visit, all in-person study visits will transition to monthly visits for the rest of the year. The interim telephone calls will be made bi-weekly between the in-person study visits to each participant to continue to reinforce elements of the program and to answer questions. At Week 52, all study measures and fasting labs will be collected again. Vital signs, adverse events, and side effects will be obtained at all in-person study visits. Monitoring labs and appetite regulating hormones will be done at Week 12, Week 24, Week 36, and Week 52.

Enrollment

71 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Outpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder as defined by DSM-IV-TR criteria (see Appendix 3 and Appendix 4) and confirmed by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID).
  • Duration of psychotic illness must be greater than one year, as defined by having initiated antipsychotic treatment at least 1 year prior to study enrollment.
  • Must be 18-65 years of age.
  • Must demonstrate adequate decisional capacity to make a choice about participating in this research study and must provide written informed consent to participate.
  • BMI greater than or equal to 27 kg/m^2
  • Currently treated with one or a combination of two FDA-approved antipsychotic medications (typical or atypical antipsychotics) AND on that drug regimen for at least two months prior to study entry (with stable dosages for at least 1 month).
  • Concomitant medications are allowed if agents and doses are unchanged for at least 1 month prior to study entry and if these medications are not among those excluded in the Exclusion Criteria.
  • Women who can become pregnant must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for up to 4 weeks after the study in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized. Acceptable methods include oral, injectable or implanted contraceptives, intrauterine devices or barrier methods such as condoms, diaphragm and spermicides. Women who can become pregnant must have a negative serum pregnancy test at the Screening Visit.

Exclusion criteria

  • Inpatient status
  • Clinical Global Impression Severity (CGI-S) score greater than or equal to 6
  • Current treatment with more than 2 antipsychotics
  • HbA1c greater than or equal to 6.5%
  • Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus or current treatment with insulin or oral hypoglycemics
  • Current or prior treatment with metformin within the past 3 months
  • Current or prior treatment with lorcaserin within the past 3 months
  • Current or prior treatment with a 5-HT2B agonist (e.g. cabergoline) within the past 45 days due to potential risk for heart valve defects
  • Current treatment with two or more antidepressants
  • Current treatment with a single antidepressant prescribed in excess of the maximum approved dose
  • Current treatment with monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) class of antidepressants (isocarboxazid, phenelzine, selegiline, tranylcypromine)
  • Concurrent treatment with any of the following pro-serotonergic drugs: meperidine, buspirone, dextromethorphan, triptans, tramadol, ritonavir, tryptophan, ginseng, St. John's wort
  • Diagnosis of congestive heart failure
  • Uncorrected thyroid disorder
  • Renal impairment as evidenced by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Hepatic disease (ALT, AST, or GGT > 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN), total bilirubin > 1.2 times ULN)
  • Metabolic acidosis (serum CO2 <20 mEq/L)
  • Known hypersensitivity to metformin or lorcaserin
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Recent (in the past 30 days) or scheduled radiological studies involving iodinated contrast material
  • Alcohol abuse/dependence as determined by SCID within the past month
  • Other serious and unstable medical condition in the judgment of the investigator
  • DSM-IV diagnosis of mental retardation or dementia
  • Any medication (prescription or non-prescription) used for weight loss must have been discontinued 3 months prior to study entry.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

71 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Lorcaserin and Metformin
Active Comparator group
Description:
Lorcaserin will be administered in dosages of 10 mg with a maximum dose of 20 mg. Metformin will be administered in dosages of 500 mg with a maximum dose of 2,000 mg.
Treatment:
Drug: Lorcaserin
Drug: Metformin
Lorcaserin
Active Comparator group
Description:
Lorcaserin will be administered in dosages of 10 mg with a maximum dose of 20 mg.
Treatment:
Drug: Lorcaserin
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Matching placebos will be administered for each active drug.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

4

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems