MethaCholine Bronchoprovocation Study (MeCIS)

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health logo

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Asthma

Treatments

Drug: fluticasone

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00705341
ALAACRC07

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the methacholine challenge test as an accurate indicator of asthma in patients receiving treatment for asthma. Phase 1 on the study compares methacholine challenge test results from asthma patients to those from people who do not have asthma. In phase 2, test results for people with asthma on low dose inhaled corticosteroid will be compared to results on high dose inhaled corticosteroids. Both males and females with stable asthma (asthma participants) and without asthma (controls) enrolled. Participants will be between 12 and 69 years of age.

Full description

The study consists of two phases. The first phase is a cross-sectional, case-control study measuring the sensitivity and specificity of methacholine challenge testing for differentiating asthmatic participants from non-asthmatic controls. The second phase is a cross-over, randomized, double-masked trial designed to evaluate the impact of high dose versus low dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) in asthmatics.

Enrollment

219 patients

Sex

All

Ages

12 to 69 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Asthmatic participants

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females greater than or equal to 12 and less than 70 years of age
  • Physician-diagnosed and investigator-confirmed stable asthma (excluding exercise induced asthma)
  • Current treatment for asthma by a healthcare provider within the preceding twelve months: current asthma treatment defined as regular use of asthma medications. Asthma medications include short and long acting adrenergic bronchodilators, bronchodilator combinations, inhaled anticholinergics, inhaled corticosteroids, cromolyn sodium and nedocromil, leukotriene modifiers and methylxanthines
  • Stable asthma defined by no asthma exacerbation (emergency room visit, hospitalization, course of increased systemic steroids, or urgent health care visit for asthma) during the prior four weeks
  • Forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) >70% predicted pre-bronchodilator
  • Ability to provide screening and baseline information
  • Ability and willingness to provide informed consent
  • For women of childbearing potential: not pregnant, non-lactating, and agree to practice an adequate birth control method (abstinence, combination barrier and spermicide, or hormonal) for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic oral steroid therapy (daily)
  • Oral corticosteroid use within past 4 weeks
  • Respiratory tract infection within past 4 weeks
  • Chronic diseases (other than asthma) that in the opinion of the investigator would prevent participation in the trial or put the participant at risk by participation, e.g. chronic diseases of the lung (other than asthma), heart, liver, kidney, or nervous system, or immunodeficiency
  • Known allergy to methacholine (for example, a previous bad reaction to methacholine) or to any other parasympathomimetic agents
  • Current use of beta adrenergic blocking agent (a heart medicine) or a cholinesterase inhibitor (medicine used to treat myasthenia gravis or Alzheimer's disease).
  • History of epilepsy, cardiovascular disease with bradycardia (slow heart beat), vagotonia (increased activity of the vagus nerve causing slow heart rate or low blood pressure), peptic ulcer disease, thyroid disease, or urinary tract obstruction
  • History of cigarette smoking within the past 5 years or >10 pack years total
  • Use of investigative drugs or intervention trials in the 30 days prior to enrollment or during the duration of the study
  • Any condition or compliance issue which in the opinion of the investigator might interfere with participation

Nonasthmatic control criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females greater than or equal to 12 and less than 70 years of age
  • Individuals who are in good overall health
  • Age (within ten years for above 25 years of age and +/- five years for 12-25 years of age) and sex matched to the asthmatic group

Exclusion Criteria:

A subject will be excluded if there is a history within the previous 5 years of:

  • clinically diagnosed allergy (allergic rhinitis, hay fever or atopic dermatitis),
  • asthma (beyond 6 years of age),
  • chronic nasal or sinus disease, or
  • other chronic lung diseases
  • Respiratory tract infection within past 4 weeks
  • History of cigarette smoking within the past 5 years or >10 pack years total
  • Known allergy to methacholine (for example, a previous bad reaction to methacholine) or to any other parasympathomimetic agents
  • Current use of beta adrenergic blocking agent (a heart medicine) or a cholinesterase inhibitor (medicine used to treat myasthenia gravis or Alzheimer's disease).
  • History of epilepsy, cardiovascular disease with bradycardia (slow heart beat), vagotonia (increased activity of the vagus nerve causing slow heart rate or low blood pressure), peptic ulcer disease, thyroid disease, or urinary tract obstruction

Trial design

219 participants in 4 patient groups

Low dose fluticasone for phase 2
Active Comparator group
Description:
For people with asthma, fluticasone at 250 mcg per day; phase 2 of study
Treatment:
Drug: fluticasone
High dose fluticasone for phase 2
Active Comparator group
Description:
For people with asthma, fluticasone at 1000 mcg per day; phase 2 of study
Treatment:
Drug: fluticasone
Nonasthmatic controls for phase 1
No Intervention group
Description:
People without asthma will be enrolled to perform 1 methacholine challenge test in phase 1 of the study
Asthmatic controls for phase 1
No Intervention group
Description:
People with asthma will be enrolled to perform 1 methacholine challenge test in phase 1 of the study

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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