Mobile-based Peer Mentoring for Smoking Cessation

University of California San Francisco (UCSF) logo

University of California San Francisco (UCSF)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Tobacco Use
Smoking Cessation

Treatments

Behavioral: Peer Mentoring
Behavioral: Control

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03048786
16-18577

Details and patient eligibility

About

Despite the availability of a variety of effective treatments for smoking cessation, uptake of treatments is low. The increasing use of smartphone technology presents an exceptional opportunity to expand access to low-cost smoking cessation services. In this pilot study, the investigators will use a text-messaging platform to test peer mentoring for smoking cessation, delivered by former smokers. While peer mentoring is a common approach to health behavior change, it has rarely been used to maximum effect by smoking cessation programs. The text-messaging platform serves as the basis for a randomized controlled trial to test the effectiveness of peer mentoring for smoking cessation. This pilot will include approximately 200 U.S. adult smokers who will be randomly assigned to a peer mentor or not. Participants in the control group will receive automated text messages used in SmokefreeTXT, a nationwide text-messaging service sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in which users receive one to five automated messages per day for up to eight weeks. Smokers in the intervention group will receive a modified version of the same automated messages from SmokefreeTXT, but with additional personalized messages from an assigned peer mentor. Mentors will provide responses to specific questions or comments a smoker may have after receiving the automated messages. The intervention will last 8 weeks. The study includes primary outcomes to measure the acceptability, engagement, user experience, and early efficacy of the intervention.

Enrollment

200 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • At least 18 years old
  • Current resident of the U.S.
  • Smoked 100 or more cigarettes in lifetime
  • Current cigarette smoker
  • Access to a device that can take pictures to be uploaded to a website
  • Willing to complete a salivary cotinine test

Exclusion criteria

  • Not a current user of nicotine replacement therapy
  • Not a current user of electronic cigarettes

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

200 participants in 2 patient groups

Control Arm
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants will receive automated text messages drawn from the script used by SmokefreeTXT.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Control
Peer Mentoring Arm
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive a modified version of the automated text messages sent to the control arm plus random assignment to a peer mentor.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Peer Mentoring

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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