"Mobile Stroke Unit"-Concept for Delivery of Specialized Acute Stroke Care to Patients in Remote Areas

U

University Hospital, Saarland

Status

Completed

Conditions

Acute Stroke

Treatments

Device: Control stroke management
Device: MSU-based stroke management

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02465346
USaarland

Details and patient eligibility

About

Treatment of acute stroke must be fast. The aim of this trial is to show feasibility, safety and clinical benefit of a strategy of diagnosis and treatment directly at the emergency site for hyperacute treatment and transfer to the most appropriate target hospital. The effects on reduction delays until different stroke treatments will be assessed. First estimations of cost-effectiveness will also be performed.

Full description

Stroke is a medical emergency for which "time-is-brain". Indeed, a huge body of animal experimental and clinical evidence exists that demonstrates that reducing the time to thrombolytic therapy is the most important variable in prevention of the disability. However, most stroke patients arrive to hospital too late for any type of acute stroke treatment: Only an estimated 19-60% of stroke patients present within 3 hours after symptom onset. Today, for stroke patients 3 different treatment options exist. Thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is an effective treatment for many acute stroke patients as evidenced by several large randomized trials. More recently, mechanical clot removal via catheters has been developed. There is currently increasing evidence that in obstruction of large brain vessels such endovascular treatment is superior to systemic thrombolysis in regard to recanalization rates and outcome. Patients with intracranial hemorrhage can profit if transferred to hospitals with neurosurgical treatment options such as ventricular drainage or hematoma removal. However, each of these treatment are highly time sensitive and due the availability of endovascular and neurosurgical treatment options only in very few highly specialized neurovascular centres decision in which institution the patient should be transported is of high medical and financial relevance. The aim of this trial is to show feasibility, safety and clinical benefit of a strategy of diagnosis and treatment directly at the emergency site and its role in decision regarding transfer to appropriate target institution, thus potentially allowing reduction of time until treatment and delays until specialized treatment also in remote regions. First estimations of cost-effectiveness will also be performed.

Enrollment

116 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 95 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Symptoms of acute stroke reported to the EMS dispatcher office (extended FAST Score, Table I) and verified by the EMS (after glucose testing)
  • Reported onset of symptoms until call ≤ 8 hours
  • Patients with "wake up stroke"
  • Age older than 18 years
  • Patient (or representative) is willing to participate voluntarily and to sign a written informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

  • Cardiopulmonary unstable medical conditions requiring immediate treatment in an intensive care unit
  • Patients with preexisting severe functional impairment and disease
  • Known allergy or contraindications to contrast agents

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

116 participants in 2 patient groups

MSU-based stroke management
Experimental group
Description:
The Mobile Stroke Unit (MSU) and the conventional emergency medical Service (EMS) will meet at the emergency site. The patient's medical history, the physical examination will directly be performed by a physician. Laboratory tests will be analyzed by a point of care laboratory. CT will be performed. After performance of the acute stroke diagnostic work-up the patients and, if indicated thrombolysis, the patient will be transported according to the diagnostic results: Stroke due to large vessel occlusion or to intracranial hemorrhage-> Neurovascular centre; Stroke without large vessel occlusion or without hemorrhage-> primary hospital with regional stroke unit.
Treatment:
Device: MSU-based stroke management
Control stroke management
Active Comparator group
Description:
After performing patient's medical history, physical examination (reassessment of the extended Face Arm Speech Time score) and glucose testing by the (stroke trained) emergency personnel, the patient will be transported according to current best clinical practice and relevant guidelines to the next stroke unit or neurovascular centre. The hospital stroke team will be prenotified by the EMS. According to the patients needs the patient might be further transferred.
Treatment:
Device: Control stroke management

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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