Modulation of Immune Response by Oral Zinc Supplementation in Chemotherapy for Colon Cancer

U

University of Sao Paulo

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Adjuvant Chemotherapy
Immunity
Colon Cancer

Treatments

Dietary Supplement: zinc
Other: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01261962
FAPESP:2010/08787-1

Details and patient eligibility

About

In leukocytes of patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer treatment: a)identify genes modulated by oral supplementation of zinc; b) evaluate the effects of oral zinc supplementation on humoral immunity and neutrophil function. The study will be conducted on 30 adult patients aged grater than 18 years, of both genders who have undergone surgical resection of colonic neoplastic lesions without metastatic lesion. Patients will be randomized into two groups, with the first (Group QT Zn, n = 15) receive 70 mg/d of zinc for 16 weeks and the second will receive placebo (QT Placebo Group, n = 15). The study will also include 30 healthy volunteers who receive supplementation of 70 mg/d of Zn (C Zn group, n = 15) or placebo (Group C Placebo, n = 15). Zinc supplementation or placebo for all study groups will start two days before the volunteers received the pneumococcal vaccine, polyvalent 23. Fifteen days after vaccination, patients begin chemotherapy as pre-established criteria by the Oncology Service. Will be monitored the parameters of nutritional status (anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance, food intake, and laboratory tests) adverse effects, according to rules of the CTCAE. In the evaluation of humoral immunity, antibodies opsonization and in the pneumococcal polysaccharide will be measured. Will be evaluated the function of neutrophils by measuring DNA NETs and quantified calprotectin and elastase released in the culture supernatants of activated neutrophils. RT-qPCR will be done of genes differentially expressed(DEGS) on activated leukocytes. In six volunteers from each group will be analyzed global gene expression from RNA extracted from leukocytes by microarray; will be detected and correlated the molecular pathways modulated by zinc by MetaCore software (GeneGo). The DEGS will be validated by RT-qPCR.

Enrollment

60 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age greater than 18 years
  • Diagnostic histopathology of colon cancer stage III (Dukes' stage C)
  • Performance Scale Karnofsky greater or equal to 70%
  • Have been subjected to resection of the primary neoplastic lesion in more than 8 weeks before start of chemotherapy
  • Patient in the first cycle of chemotherapy in adjuvant XELOX regimen.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with a history of autoimmune or inflammatory disease, active infectious disease, liver disease, renal failure or diabetes mellitus
  • Patients with metastatic disease
  • Have previously received radiotherapy or chemotherapy
  • Use of GCSF-Granulokine ® (growth-stimulating factor granulocyte)
  • Use of immunosuppressive drugs, diuretics and supplements of zinc or copper.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

60 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

Chemotherapy and zinc
Experimental group
Description:
Patients in adjuvant chemotherapy supplemented with zinc
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: zinc
Chemotherapy placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Patients in adjuvant chemotherapy with placebo
Treatment:
Other: Placebo
Control and zinc
Other group
Description:
Healthy patients supplemented with zinc
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: zinc
Control Placebo
Other group
Description:
Healthy volunteers received placebo
Treatment:
Other: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Camila Bitu M. Braga, Msc; Selma Freire C. Cunha, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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