Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System (MARS®) in Hypoxic Hepatitis (MARS in HH)

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Medical University of Vienna

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 2

Conditions

Hypoxic Liver Injury
Acute Liver Failure
Hypoxic Hepatitis
Ischemic Hepatitis
Shock Liver

Treatments

Device: MARS

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01690845
10712010

Details and patient eligibility

About

Hypoxic hepatitis (HH) is reported to be the most frequent cause of elevated aminotransferase levels in hospital. Up to 10 % of critically ill patients develop HH during the course of their intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Occurrence of HH is a life threatening event and ICU-mortality is reported to be up to 60%. Early therapeutic intervention is of central prognostic importance in patients with HH to improve the hemodynamic impairment as early as possible, to reduce hyperammonemia and hepatic encephalopathy, to avoid progression of organ failure and to improve outcome. Studies reported that Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System (MARS®) therapy improved the hemodynamic situation in patients with acute and acute on chronic liver failure. The study hypothesis is that MARS® therapy in critically ill patients with severe HH improves hepatic hemodynamics and function and consecutively the course of the disease. 40 patients with suffering of severe HH with aminotransferase levels \> 40 times the upper limit of normal of more than 12 hours will be randomized 1:1 to MARS® therapy (n=20) or conventional therapy (n=20). 4 MARS®-sessions will be performed on three consecutive days, each for at least 12 hours. Treatment will be continued under special circumstances. The maximum duration of the treatment phase is 7 days. The primary endpoint is the difference of the indocyanine plasma disappearance rate at day 7. The expected duration of the study is 2 years.

Enrollment

40 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • presence of severe hypoxic hepatitis with aminotransferase levels > 40 times the upper limit of normal
  • duration of hypoxic hepatitis more than 12 hours
  • age >/= 18 years

Exclusion criteria

  • age < 18 years
  • pregnancy
  • DNR - order
  • liver cirrhosis
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation with unknown neurological outcome and/or hypoxic brain damage
  • Expected survival of less than 24 hours

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

40 participants in 2 patient groups

Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Patients with severe HH will be treated with standard medical therapy (i.e. vasopressor support with norepinephrine in refractory hypotension = RR mean < 65 mmHg, positive inotropic support with dobutamine if the central venous oxygen saturation < 70%, renal replacement therapy in case of severe metabolic acidosis and/or renal failure, antibiotic treatment in case of suspected or proven infection, mechanical ventilation in case of severe hypoxemia or hypercapnia and/or GCS <= 8.
MARS-Group
Experimental group
Description:
20 patients will be allocated by randomization to the MARS arm. Additionally to standard medical therapy they will receive 4 MARS sessions on three consecutive days, MARS® therapy will be applied for at least 12 hours per session. Thereafter, MARS® treatment will be continued if the patient still has increasing aminotransferase levels, requires vasopressor support or suffers from cholestasis (defined as serum bilirubin levels > 5 mg/dL) for 3 sessions again. There will be a maximum of 7 MARS ® sessions per patient.
Treatment:
Device: MARS

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Central trial contact

Thomas Horvatits, MD; Valentin Fuhrmann, Prof

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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