Monocentric Trial: Stem Cell Emergency Life Threatening Limbs Arteriopathy (SCELTA)

U

University of Florence (UNIFI)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Critical Limb Ischemia

Treatments

Biological: Transplantation of circulating CD14+CD34+cells
Biological: Transplantation of BM MNC

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02454231
UFlorence

Details and patient eligibility

About

The investigators designed a randomized clinical trial (stem cell emergency life threatening arteriopathy or SCELTA) to compare the therapeutic efficacy of the auto-transplant of enriched circulating EPCs (ECEPCs) with auto-transplant of BM-MNCs. ECEPCs, obtained by immunoselection of CD14+ and CD34+ cells, or BM-MNCs, were injected intramuscularly in the affected limb of patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).

Full description

Peripheral arterial disease comprises a clinical spectrum that extends from no symptoms to presentation with critical limb ischemia (CLI), which is a very invalidating condition characterized by rest pain, march inability, trophic lesions and unavoidable progression to major amputations, which are burdened by a high mortality in the first year. The pathophysiology of CLI often associates with a defect in the development of collateral vessels and angiogenesis, a process which refers to the formation of new blood vessels into tissue, due to circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and vascular progenitor cells. In the last few years, significant improvement of this condition has been reported following bone marrow (BM) autotransplant or autotransplant of peripheral EPCs mobilized from BM through the injection of granulocyte-colony stimulatory factor (G-CSF). In a previous study, the investigators found that individually variable proportions of circulating CD14+ cells expressed low levels of CD34 (CD14+CD34low) and revealed the functional phenotype of EPCs. The investigators therefore designed a monocentric randomized clinical trial to compare the therapeutic efficacy of BM autotransplant with the autotransplant of a population of circulating CD34+ and CD14+CD34low enriched by a closed sterile immunomagnetic system (enriched circulating EPCs or ECEPCs), without a previous EPC mobilization from BM. Patients will be evaluated for clinical parameters and ABI, TBI, TCp02 before autotransplant and at three follow-up times after the autotransplant (4, 24 and 52 weeks); also angio-TAC of legs, capillaroscopy, and photoplethysmography will be evaluated at 4, and even at 52 weeks.

Enrollment

45 patients

Sex

All

Ages

40+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Eligible patients were men and women aged more than 40 years with a diagnosis of CLI due to atherosclerosis of the lower extremities, as defined by the presence of persistent rest pain requiring systemic and continued analgesic treatment in the last 15 days and/or the presence of trophic lesions imputable to the occluding arteriopathy, an ankle-brachial Index (ABI) < 0.40 (with systolic ankle pressure < 50-70 Hg mm), a toe/brachial index (TBI) < 0.40 (with big toe systolic pressure < 30-50 Hg mm), and a transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TC pO2) < 30 Hg mm.
  • The patient was considered as eligible for the treatment and enrolled only after the demonstration that intravascular or surgical re-vascularization was not possible, as revealed by ecography and angio-CAT, or when the patient refused to undergo surgical treatments and after having obtained his/her written informed consensus.

Exclusion criteria

  • Exclusion criteria were: age < 40;
  • not atherosclerotic CLI,
  • myocardial infarction occurrence in the 6 months;
  • cardiac failure of III-IV class NYHA;
  • ejection fraction lower than 40%;
  • arterial hypertension (>160/100 Hg mm) uncontrolled despite the usage of two anti-hypertensive drugs;
  • presence of current or chronic severe infectious diseases;
  • osteomyelitis;
  • diabetes with glycate hemoglobin > 7.5;
  • proliferative diabetic retinopathy;
  • hemorrhagic disorders;
  • non-atherosclerotic arteriopathy;
  • chronic airway insufficiency (p02 <65 Hg mm, pCO2 > 0.50 Hg mm);
  • renal failure (creatinine > 2mg/dl);
  • contraindications or intolerance to contrast media for radiologic imaging

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

45 participants in 2 patient groups

peripheral blood EPC injection
Experimental group
Treatment:
Biological: Transplantation of circulating CD14+CD34+cells
bone marrow MNC injection
Active Comparator group
Treatment:
Biological: Transplantation of BM MNC

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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