Motor Skill Acquisition Between Individuals With Neurological Disorders and Healthy Individuals

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Texas Woman's University

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Stroke
Multiple Sclerosis

Treatments

Behavioral: Visuomotor leg reaching task

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04503187
TWU Houston#17203

Details and patient eligibility

About

Stroke survivors frequently show persistent gait deficits in their chronic stages even after years of intensive rehabilitation. This may be caused by diminished capability of re-acquiring motor skills post stroke. Thus, the overall purpose of this research project is to examine stroke survivors' capability of learning a novel leg task over 3 visits, 1-2 weeks apart. The capability of learning a new skill is then correlated with the individual's neurological functions (nerve activity and movement coordination) and her/his gait performance (gait speed, gait symmetry, and force production).

Full description

The walking after stroke called "hemiparetic gait" is characterized by slow and asymmetrical steps with poor motor control on the paretic leg while paradoxically increasing the cost of energy expenditure. Biomechanical evidence shows that impaired gait performance for people with chronic stroke is not solely the result of the loss of muscle strength, but involves complicated movement discoordination across multiple joints in the affected leg. This has been taken to indicate a persistent motor control deficit in the paretic leg post stroke. Recent imaging studies suggest that the persistent motor control deficit after stroke may be the result of the disruption of motor memory consolidation, a process by which a newly-learned motor skill is transformed from a fragile state to a stable state and is "saved" in our brain afterward. This indicates that the same brain area responsible for controlling motor activity is also involved in memorizing newly-learned skills during the early stage of motor learning. Presence of persistent motor control deficits in the chronic stage may be attributed to the fact that damage to the brain cortex significantly impacts the ability of acquiring motor skills and consequentially defers the improvement of motor function, including gait.

Enrollment

130 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

21 to 90 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Healthy adults have no ongoing neurological, musculoskeletal issues.
  • Individuals with chronic stroke had medical history of a unilateral stroke occurring ≥ 6 months prior to enrollment.
  • Individuals have multiple sclerosis disease diagnosed by his/her physician
  • MRI or CT evidence from the imaging report shown that the stroke and multiple sclerosis disease primarily involve cortical and subcortical regions.
  • Individuals with chronic stroke have hemiparesis involving the lower extremity.
  • Individuals with chronic stroke or multiple sclerosis have no passive range of motion limitation in bilateral hips and knees. Limitation of ankle passive range of motion to 10 degrees of dorsiflexion or less.
  • Visual acuity can be corrected by glasses or contact lens to 20/20.
  • Able to walk independently with/without assistant devices for 10 meters.
  • Able to maintain standing position without any assistance for more than 30 sec.
  • Evaluation of cognitive status: Mini-mental status examination (MMSE) score ≥ 24.

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnant women.
  • MRI or CT evidence of involvement of the basal ganglia or cerebellum, or evidence of any other brain damage or malignant neoplasm or tumors.
  • Have any metal implants, cardiac pacemakers, or history of seizures.
  • Ongoing orthopedic or other neuromuscular disorders that will restrict exercise training.
  • Any vestibular dysfunction or unstable angina.
  • Significant cognitive deficits (inability to follow a 2-step command) or severe receptive or global aphasia*

Trial design

130 participants in 3 patient groups

Chronic Stroke
Description:
Participants who suffered a single event of cerebral vascular accident at least six months ago before study enrollment.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Visuomotor leg reaching task
Multiple Sclerosis
Description:
Participants who has been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis
Treatment:
Behavioral: Visuomotor leg reaching task
Healthy control
Description:
Age-matched healthy adults who are self-reported healthy and has no known musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, and cardiovascular diseases.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Visuomotor leg reaching task

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Shih-Chiao Tseng, PT, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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