MRI-Guided Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery to Remove the Prostate

Abramson Cancer Center at Penn Medicine logo

Abramson Cancer Center at Penn Medicine

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Stage II Prostate Cancer
Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate
Stage I Prostate Cancer
Stage III Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Treatments

Procedure: radiation therapy treatment planning/simulation
Procedure: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Procedure: computed tomography
Procedure: magnetic resonance imaging
Procedure: image-guided radiation therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01028885
UPCC 10809
NCI-2009-01441

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a prospective clinical trial examining the use of MRI to measure internal organ motion and any resulting changes in the target volume (shape and location) during a course of post-operative radiation therapy for prostate cancer. The goal is to better understand and characterize these physiologic variations so that they can be accounted for during the treatment planning process. The ultimate longer-term clinical goal here is to provide a form of adaptive radiation therapy in the future, such that if major changes are seen over an 8-week course of radiation therapy in our study. This may argue for hypofractionating those patients who are most likely to have major shifts over time.

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the use of MRI in delineating clinical target volumes, as well as endorectal balloon target immobilization in patients treated with radiation following radical prostatectomy. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: II. Trends over time in CTV, bladder and rectum volumes and percent change from baseline at each time point. III. Frequency of events in which the CTV falls outside the PTV. IV. Proportion of the total CTV which falls outside the PTV at each event. V. Trends over time in dose-volume exposures for bladder and rectum. OUTLINE: Patients undergo MRI and CT scan-based simulation for treatment planning with endorectal balloon target immobilization. The treatment target volumes and surrounding organs at risk are contoured, treatment plan developed and approved. Patients then undergo 39 fractions of image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy over 8 weeks. Patients also undergo weekly MRI scans of the pelvis (in the planned treatment position) during radiotherapy.

Enrollment

10 estimated patients

Sex

Male

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion

  • Completion of a radical prostatectomy for adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Scheduled post-operative radiation therapy as part of the patient's treatment for prostate cancer
  • Subjects are capable of giving informed consent

Exclusion

  • The presence of grossly visualized or palpable disease recurrence
  • Patients who are unable to undergo an MRI scan such as those with an implanted permanent pacemaker or ICD
  • Patients with metastatic disease or an increasing PSA

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

10 participants in 1 patient group

Arm I
Experimental group
Description:
Patients undergo MRI and CT scan-based simulation for treatment planning with endorectal balloon target immobilization. The treatment target volumes and surrounding organs at risk are contoured, treatment plan developed and approved. Patients then undergo 39 fractions of image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy over 8 weeks. Patients also undergo weekly MRI scans of the pelvis (in the planned treatment position) during radiotherapy.
Treatment:
Procedure: image-guided radiation therapy
Procedure: magnetic resonance imaging
Procedure: computed tomography
Procedure: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Procedure: radiation therapy treatment planning/simulation

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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