MSK Validation Study

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Proximal Junctional Kyphosis
Spino-pelvic Alignment
Thoracolumbar Spinal Fusion

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Spinal posture and imbalance are known to be related to increased muscle expenditure, with narrow "cone of economy" of muscle effort defining the most comfortable postures. Therefore, it is hypothesized that predicting the posture of the lowest muscle effort available for a patient with a given spinal alignment and body properties will correspond to the posture the patient will most likely assume. Based on established musculoskeletal models, a model application was configured to allow prediction of this optimal posture. This study aims to assess the validity of this approach and the value of using biomechanical modeling for pre-operative planning.

Full description

The objective of this study is to validate a novel method of post-operative posture prediction - a full-body biomechanical model based on an established technology and physiological reasoning. Specifically, the model ability to predict postoperative global sagittal alignment, including compensatory and reciprocal changes, from pre-operative radiographic imaging and the information about planned posture correction will be evaluated. This will be realized by comparing model-predicted radiographic measures and overall balance to follow-up patient radiographs. Having demonstrated model validity to predict postoperative posture will allow to use this method for simulating various "what-if" scenarios to empower surgical planning by predicting expected outcomes. This can be used to optimizing preoperative planning, which has a potential to substantially improved surgery predictability and patient outcomes. Furthermore, validated model will allow scientific investigation of the principles governing human posture and biomechanics of the pathological spine. Generated scientific knowledge of biomechanical factors influencing sagittal posture and surgery outcomes (e.g. number of levels fused, amount and distribution of posture correction, etc.) can lead to improvements in clinical management of spinal disorders.


200 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Male or female patients
  2. Any ethnicity
  3. At least 18 years of age
  4. Has undergone a thoracolumbar spinal fusion procedure

Exclusion criteria

  1. Patient has had a prior spinal surgery in the thoracic and/or lumbar spine;
  2. Patient presents scoliosis greater or equal to 20° T4-T12 Cobb angle;
  3. Patient has been diagnosed with idiopathic adolescent scoliosis (treated or untreated);
  4. Patient has other implants that obstruct the spine and/or pelvis in the lateral view;
  5. Patient presents any of the following complications: pseudoarthrosis, instrumentation failure, instrumentation pull-out and/or requires a revision surgery at any time following the primary surgery and prior to 3 months post-op;
  6. Patient is a prisoner.

Trial contacts and locations



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