MTX Discontinuation and Vaccine Response

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Seoul National University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Arthritis, Rheumatoid

Treatments

Drug: Methotrexate
Biological: Seasonal Influenza vaccine

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02748785
SNUH-IMJ-001

Details and patient eligibility

About

To investigate whether a short term discontinuation of methotrexate (MTX) will improve the vaccination efficacy to seasonal influenza vaccination without deteriorating RA disease activity in a randomized clinical trial.

Full description

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that affects the joints as the main target of the inflammation. Patients with RA require chronic treatment with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) including methotrexate (MTX), which constitutes the mainstay of treatment. Underlying immune dysfunction and the additional immune suppression associated with treatment render patients with RA more susceptible to infection. Thus, vaccination against preventable diseases including influenza, pneumococcal pneumonia and hepatitis B is recommended for all RA patients who are subject to treatment with immunesupprssive drugs, unless there is a contraindication to the use of vaccination. However, low dose of glucocorticoids, conventional DMARDs and biological DMARDs including tumor necrosis factor inhibitors have been reported to substantially decrease vaccine response (4); MTX has been reported to be associated with a decreased response to seasonal influenza vaccination by up to 15%. To optimize a vaccine response, vaccination should be administrated before the treatment with immunesuppressive medications is initiated. However, most patients with RA are already on stable dose of DMARDs at the time of when vaccinations, especially vaccine against seasonal influenza that needs annual administration, are considered. Alternatively, temporarily discontinuation of DMARDs might restore normal immune response to and so improve the efficacy of vaccination. Although a short term discontinuation of DMARDs during perioperative period has not been associated with increased disease activity the longer discontinuation of DMARDs might lead to a significant aggravation of RA disease activity. To optimize the vaccine response, a short term discontinuation of DMARDs could be considered if this approach proves to be safe and effective.

Enrollment

277 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Males or females > 18 years at time of consent
  • Have a diagnosis of RA per ACR criteria
  • Must understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form including writing consent for data protection
  • Stable doses of methotrexate over the preceding 6 weeks

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • Previous anaphylactic response to vaccine components or to egg.
  • Acute infection with T >38°C at the time of vaccination
  • History of Guillain-Barre syndrome or demyelinating syndromes
  • Previous vaccination with any live vaccine 4 weeks before or any inactivated vaccine 2 weeks before the study
  • Blood transfusion within 6 months
  • Active rheumatoid arthritis necessitating a recent change in the drug regimen
  • Any other rheumatic disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective tissue disease, dermatomyositis/polymyositis, and vasculitis except for secondary Sjogren's disease

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

277 participants in 4 patient groups

Group 1 (No MTX Hold before Vaccination)
Experimental group
Description:
Group 1 will continue MTX
Treatment:
Biological: Seasonal Influenza vaccine
Drug: Methotrexate
Group 2 (MTX hold 4 Weeks before vaccination)
Experimental group
Description:
Group 2 will hold MTX 4 weeks before vaccination and resume MTX on the day of vaccination
Treatment:
Biological: Seasonal Influenza vaccine
Drug: Methotrexate
Group 3 (MTX hold 2 Weeks before Vaccination)
Experimental group
Description:
Group 3 will hold MTX 2 weeks before vaccination and resume MTX 2 weeks after vaccination
Treatment:
Biological: Seasonal Influenza vaccine
Drug: Methotrexate
Group 4 (MTX hold on Day of Vaccination)
Experimental group
Description:
Group 4 will hold MTX on day of vaccination and resume MTX 4 weeks after vaccination.
Treatment:
Biological: Seasonal Influenza vaccine
Drug: Methotrexate

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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