Music vs Relaxation Training in Craving Reduction in Alcohol Dependence Syndrome

K

Kasturba Medical College

Status

Completed

Conditions

Alcohol Dependence Syndrome

Treatments

Behavioral: Progressive Muscle Relaxation
Behavioral: Music

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04351217
IEC KMC MLR 01-19/14

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of Music and Progressive Muscle Relaxation as interventions to reduce craving, increase coping, and understand the subjective experience of the interventions with patients diagnosed with Mental and Behavioral Disorders due to Alcohol, Dependence Syndrome, over a 5 day period.

Full description

Craving for alcohol produces an aversive, uncomfortable state, with autonomic arousal similar to that in anxiety disorders, and is the main factor leading to relapse. Music has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress levels. Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) is the intervention of choice for treatment of anxiety and related syndromes. This study aimed to compare efficacy of PMR and music in reducing levels of alcohol craving and increasing perceived ability to cope with the craving. The intervention was conducted over 5 days with two randomised group of 10 patients each. The patients were assigned to either group based on randomizer sequencing. Initial motivation was assessed before beginning the study. Measures of craving level and coping were collected on Day 1, 3 and 5. Single question exit interview was conducted to understand subjective perception of the patients regarding the techniques. Significant difference was found in coping levels through use of PMR (p = 0.01), and subjective reduction in craving levels was reported by patients in the music group, though this was not statistically significant. Thus, PMR may be used as an adjunct to increase coping abilities in patients with alcohol dependence, while music may be a useful tool to reduce craving but cannot be conclusively commented upon without further research.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

Male

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Diagnosed with Mental and Behavioral Disorders due to Use of Alcohol, Dependence Syndrome
  • Abstinent for at least 1 week

Exclusion criteria

  • Any other known psychiatric/physical condition
  • Risk of Suicide or Relapse
  • Less than 75% compliance

Trial design

20 participants in 2 patient groups

Music
Experimental group
Description:
Music was Indian Classical Flute music, 23 minutes long. It was played on a speaker at equal volume to ensure uniformity.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Music
Progressive Muscle Relaxation
Experimental group
Description:
Progressive Muscle Relaxation was recorded for uniformity of delivery, and was 22 minutes in length. It was played on a speaker at equal volume to ensure uniformity.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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