Myeloid to Adipocyte Transdifferentiation in Human Cells (MYTH)

University of Colorado Denver (CU Denver) logo

University of Colorado Denver (CU Denver)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Obesity

Treatments

Procedure: Adipose Tissue Biopsy

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02654925
15-1779
UL1TR001082 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

In order to design new programs to help prevent weight gain, promote successful and sustainable weight loss, and help treat diseases related to obesity, the investigators need a better understanding of why accumulating fat in certain regions of the body is bad for health. It is known that not all fat cells are the same, but it was recently discovered that some fat cells may arise from stem cells that come from the bone marrow (bone marrow progenitors), a previously unrecognized origin. This discovery has been paradigm shifting, because dogma has long held that all white fat cells arise from fat tissue resident mesenchymal stem cells. This is also important because fat cells arising from the bone marrow lineage may be linked to worse health outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine if cells that were not previously believed to contribute to fat generation in humans are indeed capable of becoming fat cells. To answer this question the investigators will take samples of cells from the blood and the fat tissue of younger and older men and women, isolate the cells that came from the bone marrow and grow them in culture to determine if they will turn into fat cells. The results of this investigation may reveal potential mechanistic targets for future therapies to reduce the negative health outcomes associated with obesity related chronic diseases.

Enrollment

59 patients

Sex

All

Ages

21 to 100 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Men and women age 21-40 y or 55-100 y;
  • Older women will be postmenopausal who are at least 12 months past the final menstrual period (FMP);
  • Young women will be premenopausal and eumenorrheic, not on hormonal contraceptive therapy;
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) 22-35 kg/m2;
  • Non-active to moderately active (vigorous exercise ≤ 3 days/wk lasting < 30 min).

Exclusion criteria

  • Immunosuppression therapy;
  • On blood thinners, aspirin, or NSAIDs that cannot be withheld for the biopsy;
  • Prior history of allergies to local anesthetics;
  • Current use of hormones, or glucose lowering medication;
  • Currently engaged in a vigorous exercise or diet program;
  • Currently gaining or losing weight or using weight loss drugs;
  • Type 2 diabetes (past/current diagnosis or treatment);
  • Diagnosis of uncontrolled metabolic disorders (e.g., thyroid);
  • History of severe obesity BMI ≥ 40 or significant weight loss (≥ 50 lbs);
  • Postmenopausal - hormonal menopausal therapy use currently or in the previous 6 months;
  • Premenopausal - irregular menstrual cycles defined as 2 or more missed cycles in the previous year, pregnant or planning to become pregnant during the study timeline (urine pregnancy test will be performed before DEXA [dual energy x-ray absorptiometry] scan is completed).

Trial design

59 participants in 4 patient groups

Young Men
Description:
men 21-40 years of age
Treatment:
Procedure: Adipose Tissue Biopsy
Young Women
Description:
women 21-40 years of age; young women will be premenopausal and eumenorrheic, not on hormonal contraceptive therapy.
Treatment:
Procedure: Adipose Tissue Biopsy
Older Men
Description:
men 55-100 years of age
Treatment:
Procedure: Adipose Tissue Biopsy
Older Women
Description:
women 55-100 years of age; older women will be postmenopausal who are at least 12 months past the final menstrual period (FMP).
Treatment:
Procedure: Adipose Tissue Biopsy

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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