Near-infrared Transcranial Laser Therapy in Subjects With Major Depressive Disorder: A Study of Dosing With Laser

P

Peruvian Clinical Research

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Major Depressive Disorder

Treatments

Device: Near-infrared Transcranial Laser Therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05435820
NITLT01

Details and patient eligibility

About

The Near-infrared transcranial laser therapy (NIR-TLT) is a non-ionizing electromagnetic wave. The NIR-TLT is invisible, penetrates the skin and skull into brain tissue and is non-invasive. The benefits of NIR-TLT are wavelength specific. A mitochondrial enzyme, the Cytochrome c oxidase, is the primary chromophore for the NIR-TLT with a wavelength of around 830 nm. When this enzyme is activated, it leads to increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production and this event is related to the promotion of cellular plasticity and cytoprotection. These are critical cellular processes for recovery of the depressive patients. Therefore, this study will contribute to answer the question of whether NIR-TLT has an antidepressant effect and whether it is acceptable in minority population.

Full description

Study purpose: The main aim is to assess and compare the effect(s) of each of the four doses of the Near-infrared Transcranial Laser Therapy (NIR-TLT) on the symptomatology of depression: antidepressant effect, in subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD). Study design: This protocol is a multicentered, randomized, simulated, and double-blind clinical study. This work will randomize 112 subjects into 4 equal groups: bilateral continuous wave (BCW), bilateral pulsed wave (BPW 1-2) y SHAM. All subjects, investigators (except the study statistician), and outcomes assessors will be blind to group assignment. The device operator will be aware of group assignments. All subjects will receive 3 NIR-TLT treatments per week for 6 weeks. A follow-up evaluation will be performed 2 weeks after the end of the study. The treatment will follow these specifications: wavelength 830 nm; average irradiance 54,8 mW / cm2; average fluence of 65,8 J / cm2 (consistently with parameters used in the ELATED-2 study at MGH with the device Omnilux New U), being the total Fluency delivered: 3.6 kJ (bilateral) o 1.8 kJ (unilateral), either on the subject's forehead, at or near electroencephalography sites (EEG) F3 and F4. All NIR-TLT sessions will last 20 minutes, regardless of group assignment. Study population: Patients eligible for study participation will be diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) by DSM criteria. Subjects will be between 18-75 years of age (have not had 76st birthday) on the date of screening. Duration of participation: Subjects will be followed in the study for 8 weeks (a 6-week treatment period, plus 2 weeks of follow-up). The total duration of the study will be 24 months. Assessment criteria: The primary efficacy criteria is the improvement in depressive symptoms from each of the four doses of NIR-TLT. Assessed using HAMD-17, at 3 time points (visit 1, visit 9 and visit 18).

Enrollment

112 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Subjects age at screening will be between 18 and 75 years old (inclusive).
  • Diagnosis of major depressive disorder (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, MINI)
  • QIDS-CR≥12 at screening
  • CGI-S ≥4 or higher, i.e., "moderately depressed"
  • Women of child-bearing potential must use a double-barrier method for birth control (e.g. condoms plus spermicide) if sexually active.
  • Subject Informed Consent obtained in writing in compliance with local regulations prior to enrollment into this study.
  • The subject is willing to participate in this study for at least 12 weeks.
  • Subjects will need to be on stable dose(s) of antidepressants (if taking any) for at least six weeks prior to enrollment.

Exclusion criteria

  • Decrease in Symptoms of Depression Questionnaire (SDQ) self-report from screening to baseline >=30%, calculated as [(SDQ screening-88) - (SDQ initial-88) / (SDQ screening-88)] >=30/100. A score of 88 is "normal" in SDQ.
  • The subject is pregnant or lactating.
  • The subject failed more than 2 adequate treatments with FDA approved antidepressants during current episode per Antidepressant Treatment Response Questionnaire (ATRQ) criteria (less than 50% decrease in depressive symptomatology).
  • Structured psychotherapy focused on treating the subject's depression is permitted if started at least 8 weeks prior to the screening visit.
  • Substance dependence or abuse in the past 3 months.
  • History of a psychotic disorder or psychotic episode (current psychotic episode per MINI assessment).
  • Bipolar affective disorder (per MINI assessment).
  • Unstable medical illness, defined as any medical illness which is not well-controlled with standard-of-care medications (e.g., insulin for diabetes mellitus).
  • Active suicidal or homicidal ideation (both intention and plan are present), as determined by Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) screening.
  • The subject has a significant skin condition (i.e., hemangioma, scleroderma, psoriasis, rash, open wound or tattoo) on the subject's scalp that is found to be in proximity to any of the procedure sites.
  • The subject has an implant of any kind in the head (e.g. stent, clipped aneurysm, implantable shunt - Hakim valve).
  • Any use of light-activated drugs (photodynamic therapy) within 14 days prior to study enrollment (in US: Visudine (verteporfin) for age related macular degeneration; Aminolevulinic Acid- for actinic keratoses; Photofrin (porfimer sodium) - for esophageal cancer, non-small cell lung cancer; Levulan Kerastick (aminolevulinic acid HCl) - for actinic keratosis; 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)- for non-melanoma skin cancer)
  • Recent history of stroke (90 days).
  • The subject failed a device-based intervention FDA-approved for the treatment of depression, during the current episode (e.g. less than 50% decrease in depressive symptomatology with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation).
  • History of dementia, traumatic brain injury (TBI) or any other organic neurological disorder.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

112 participants in 4 patient groups

BCW group
Experimental group
Description:
NIR-TLT dose: i. Treatment site(s): EEG F3 and F4 ii. Temporal format: continuous wave iii. Average radiance: 350 mW / cm2 iv. Exposure time: 429 sec. v. Total fluence delivered: 3.6 kJ (1.8 kJ per treatment location)
Treatment:
Device: Near-infrared Transcranial Laser Therapy
BPW-1 group
Experimental group
Description:
NIR-TLT dose: i. Treatment site(s): EEG F3 and F4 ii. Temporal format: pulsed wave, 10 Hz; 50% duty cycle iii. Average radiance: 350 mW / cm2 iv. Exposure time: 429 sec. v. Total fluence delivered: 3.6 kJ (1.8 kJ per treatment location)
Treatment:
Device: Near-infrared Transcranial Laser Therapy
BPW-2 group
Experimental group
Description:
NIR-TLT dose: i. Treatment site(s): EEG F3 and F4 ii. Temporal format: pulsed wave, 40-50 Hz; 50% duty cycle iii. Average radiance: 350 mW / cm2 iv. Exposure time: 429 sec. v. Total fluence delivered: 3.6 kJ (1.8 kJ per treatment location)
Treatment:
Device: Near-infrared Transcranial Laser Therapy
SHAM group
Sham Comparator group
Description:
NIR-TLT dose: i. Treatment site(s): none ii. Temporal format: none iii. Average radiance: 0 mW / cm2 iv. Exposure time: 429 sec. v. Total fluence delivered: 0 kJ
Treatment:
Device: Near-infrared Transcranial Laser Therapy

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Paula Cahuina Lope, Dr.; Raúl Yepez Adrianzén, Dr.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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