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Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation With Nal-IRI and Capecitabine Guided by UGT1A1 Status in Patients With Rectal Cancer

H

Hebei Medical University

Status and phase

Not yet enrolling
Phase 2

Conditions

Rectal Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Capecitabine
Drug: liposomal irinotecan
Radiation: Radiation threapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06210971
CSPC-DEY-CRC-K08

Details and patient eligibility

About

This single-arm trial will explore the efficacy and safety of long-course neoadjuvant chemoradiation with liposomal irinotecan and capecitabine guided by UGT1A1 status in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.

Full description

This is a single-center, single-arm, prospective clinical study. The aim of this study is to explore the short-term and long-term efficacy and safety of total neoadjuvant therapy with irinotecan liposome in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Patients' nutritional status, quality of life, changes in symptoms, and adverse events will also be regularly assessed and registered during the implementation phase of the study, and patients will be treated promptly if symptoms are assessed as positive.

Enrollment

60 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age: 18~75 years old.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0~1.
  • Histopathologically confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma.
  • The lower edge of the primary tumor is located below the peritoneal reflection or located ≤ 10 cm above the anal verge.
  • Clinical stage: T3-4NanyM0 or T1-2N+M0.
  • Adequate bone marrow function as evidenced by: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5×10^9/L, Platelet count ≥100×10^9/L, Hemoglobin (Hb) ≥90 g/L.
  • Adequate hepatic function as evidenced by: Total bilirubin ≤1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5×ULN, Serum albumin ≥3 g/dL.
  • Adequate renal function as evidenced by: Serum creatinine (Cr) ≤1.5 × ULN or creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min.
  • Be willing to undergo UGT1A1 gene testing and UGT1A1 genotype of *1*1 or *1*28.
  • Accept the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy protocol of this study and sign the informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

  • Any other malignancy within 5 years, with the exception of cured in-situ carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma etc.
  • Active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections that require systemic treatment.
  • Active HIV infection.
  • Combined with uncontrollable systemic diseases.
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to drug or any of their excipients.
  • Any clinical indicators indicating contraindications to radiotherapy/chemotherapy and surgery.
  • Use of strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A, CYP2C8 and UGT1A1.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women, or subjects of childbearing age who refuse contraception.
  • Patients with poor cognitive abilities who are unable to answer questions, fill out questionnaires, or have mental disorders.
  • Patients who do not meet the inclusion criteria; patients who meet the inclusion criteria but are not suitable to participate in this trial judged by the investigator.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

60 participants in 1 patient group

Liposomal irinotecan-based TNT therapy
Experimental group
Description:
Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy (Radiation 50.4Gy/28 fractions + Capecitabine 625mg/m^2 bid + Liposomal irinotecan 50mg/m^2) followed by Chemotherapy (Capecitabine 1000mg/m^2 bid d1-7 + Liposomal irinotecan 70mg/m^2 or 50mg/m^2, d1, Q2W) before surgery.
Treatment:
Radiation: Radiation threapy
Drug: liposomal irinotecan
Drug: Capecitabine

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Linlin Xiao, Ms.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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