Neoadjuvant Goserelin for Triple Negative Breast Cancer (NeoGONT)

K

Kasr El Aini Hospital

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 2

Conditions

Breast Cancer Triple Negative

Treatments

Drug: Goserelin

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03444025
B2017-11

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a phase II randomized trial that will evaluate the effect of adding LHRH analogue, goserelin, to the standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy to patients with triple negative breast cancer. Targeting LHRH might decrease resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in the neoadjuvant setting and increases clinical and pathological response rates. Additionally, exploring potential surrogate markers (as AR and LHRH receptors) for molecular distinct subtypes of TNBC.

Full description

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is the mainstay of treatment of locally advanced TNBC and some selected early cases followed by surgery with or without adjuvant radiotherapy. NACT is aimed to induce pathologic complete response (pCR) in tumor and lymph nodes, pCR is proofed to be a surrogate and reliable predictive factor of survival rates in TNBC. This study will evaluate the effect of adding LHRH analogue, goserelin, to the standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Following completion of neoadjuvant therapy, patients will undergo breast conservative surgery or mastectomy. Post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy axillary staging will be required, but the choice of the procedure will be at the physician's discretion. Postoperative radiation therapy will be given at the physician's discretion. The use of partial breast irradiation techniques will not be allowed. The primary endpoint will be the rate of pathologic complete response. The secondary endpoints will be 3-year-disease free survival, clinical response and toxicity. Exploratory endpoints will be correlation of the LHRH receptor expression level with the pCR. The sample size for the trial will be 180 patients accrued over a period of 2 years. Definitive analysis of the primary endpoints is expected at year 3.

Enrollment

180 estimated patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Premenopausal women between 18 and 60 years.
  • Histologically proven, newly diagnosed invasive carcinoma of breast.
  • Tumors must be ER, PgR negative and HER2-neu negative.
  • Stage II or III breast cancer that is indicated for neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy.

Exclusion criteria

  • pregnant females at time of diagnosis of breast cancer.
  • bilateral breast cancer.
  • already received treatment for breast cancer including surgery, radiation, cytotoxic, or endocrine therapy
  • history or concomitant diagnosis of another primary malignancy.
  • concurrent treatment with oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (OCPs or HRT must be stopped at least 4 weeks prior to randomization).

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

180 participants in 2 patient groups

Group A
Experimental group
Description:
Goserelin 3.6 mg depot injection will be administered subcutaneously every month along with standard chemotherapy regimen: AC-P: Doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 IV plus cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for four cycles, followed by paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 by 1 hour infusion every week for 12 weeks. Each cycle is 21 days.
Treatment:
Drug: Goserelin
Group B
No Intervention group
Description:
Standard chemotherapy regimen: AC-P: Doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 IV plus cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for four cycles, followed by paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 by 1 hour infusion every week for 12 weeks. Each cycle is 21 days.

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Loay Kassem, MD; Kyrillus S Shohdy, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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