Neoadjuvant Immunoradiation for Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

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Johns Hopkins Medicine

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 2

Conditions

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Durvalumab
Radiation: Thoracic Radiation
Drug: Tremelimumab
Drug: Standard of care adjuvant chemotherapy
Procedure: lobectomy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT03237377
ESR-16-12244 (Other Identifier)
J1772
IRB00127418 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a pilot study of neoadjuvant 'immunoradiation' (durvalumab or durvalumab plus tremelimumab) administered every 4 weeks for 2 doses, concurrently with standard thoracic radiation (RT) (45Gy in 25 fractions), with one dose of immunotherapy alone delivered in the pre-surgical window, prior to surgical resection, for patients with stage IIIA NSCLC that is deemed resectable with a lobectomy by a thoracic surgeon. If preliminary safety of the durvalumab/thoracic RT combination is established, a second cohort investigating the combination of durvalumab/tremelimumab/thoracic RT prior to surgical resection will be opened. After surgical resection, patients may receive standard adjuvant chemotherapy, as deemed appropriate by the treating investigator.

Enrollment

9 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 100 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* Written informed consent and any locally-required authorization obtained. * Histologically-confirmed diagnosis of stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) * Age≥18 years * Life expectancy \>6 months * Body weight \>30kg * Subjects with non-small cell lung cancer deemed surgically resectable by an attending thoracic surgeon with lobectomy * ECOG Performance Status 0-1 * Normal bone marrow and organ function on routine laboratory tests, as defined in section 4.1 * Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary/serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal subjects. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. * Ability to understand and willingness of sign consent form * Willingness to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study

Exclusion criteria

* Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (includes AstraZeneca staff and staff at the study site) * Prior investigational therapy within 28 days/at least 5 half-lives before study drug administration * Prior chest radiation * Prior history of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis requiring corticosteroids, or active non-infectious pneumonitis * Patients only suitable for surgical management with pneumonectomy, deemed by an attending thoracic surgeon * Prior therapy with PD-1, PD-L1, CTLA-4 or anti-cancer vaccines, including durvalumab and tremelimumab * Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product in the last 4 weeks or equivalent of 5 half-lives of the first dose of study treatment, whichever is shorter * History of another primary malignancy that requires active ongoing treatment or, in the opinion of the investigator, is likely to require treatment within 6 months of trial enrollment * Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab or tremelimumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion: * Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection) * Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent * Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication) * Any unresolved toxicity (\>CTCAE grade 2) from previous anti-cancer therapy * Subjects with irreversible toxicity that is not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by the investigational product may be included (e.g., hearing loss, peripherally neuropathy) * Any concurrent chemotherapy, IP, biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable * Radiotherapy treatment to more than 30% of the bone marrow or with a wide field of radiation within 4 weeks of the first dose of study drug. * Major surgical procedure (as defined by the Investigator) within 28 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Local surgery of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable * History of allogenic organ transplantation. * Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease \[e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease\], diverticulitis \[with the exception of diverticulosis\], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome \[granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc\]). The following are exceptions to this criterion (vitiligo or alopecia; hypothyroidism (eg, following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement; any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy; active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the study physician; celiac disease controlled by diet alone.) * Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses including any subject known to have evidence of acute or chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent * Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and TB testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) result), hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies). Subjects with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody \[anti-HBc\] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Subjects positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA. * Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry or within 30 days of receiving durvalumab or tremelimumab * Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing an effective method of birth control. * Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study result. * Known allergy or hypersensitivity to IP or any excipient * Uncontrolled psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written consent * Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Sequential Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

9 participants in 2 patient groups

Durvalumab with Radiation
Experimental group
Description:
Drug: Durvalumab Other Names: MEDI4736 MEDI4736 1500mg via IV infusion every 4 weeks for up to 3 doses/cycles Intervention: Radiation: Thoracic Radiation 5 days per week in once daily fractionation, 1.8-2.0 Gy per fraction Intervention: Procedure/Surgery: lobectomy patients may proceed to surgery post drug and radiation intervention for lung lobectomy Intervention: Drug: Standard of care adjuvant chemotherapy patients may or may not proceed to adjuvant chemotherapy post trial drug and radiation intervention and surgery
Treatment:
Procedure: lobectomy
Drug: Standard of care adjuvant chemotherapy
Radiation: Thoracic Radiation
Drug: Durvalumab
Durvalumab and Trememlimumab with Radiation
Experimental group
Description:
Drugs: Durvalumab + Tremelimumab Other Names: MEDI4736 and CP-675 MEDI4736 1500mg via IV infusion every 4 weeks for up to 3 doses/cycles + CP-675 206 75mg via IV infusion every 4 weeks up 3 doses/cycles Intervention: Radiation: Thoracic Radiation 5 days per week in once daily fractionation, 1.8-2.0 Gy per fraction Intervention: Procedure/Surgery: lobectomy patients may proceed to surgery post drug and radiation intervention for lung lobectomy Intervention: Drug: Standard of care adjuvant chemotherapy patients may or may not proceed to adjuvant chemotherapy post trial drug and radiation intervention and surgery
Treatment:
Procedure: lobectomy
Drug: Standard of care adjuvant chemotherapy
Drug: Tremelimumab
Radiation: Thoracic Radiation
Drug: Durvalumab

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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