Neoadjuvant INBRX-106 (Hexavalent OX40 Agonist) in Combination With Pembrolizumab as a Chemotherapy-sparing Regimen for Stage II TNBC (Triple Negative Breast Cancer) Patients

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Providence Health & Services

Status and phase

Begins enrollment this month
Phase 2

Conditions

Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Pembrolizumab
Drug: INBRX-106

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT06353997
2024000099

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a Phase II trial to assess feasibility of pembrolizumab + INBRX-106 as a chemotherapy-sparing neoadjuvant therapy. One therapeutic arm is being evaluated to provide an informal comparison of pharmacodynamic and clinical effects of concurrent dosing schedule.

Full description

A Simon 2-stage design is implemented to minimize exposure if the treatment regimen is futile. If feasibility is established with responses exceeding futility parameters, study will expand to stage 2. Additional arms may be introduced in a protocol amendment. Below shows the sample size required using Simon's 2-stage design, 80% power and 5% one-sided significance level: Null hypothesis: <5% pCR Alternative hypothesis: >35% pCR Stage I n (r*): 6 (0) Stage I + II total n (r): 12 (2) Criteria: Minimax Minimum responses to proceed to stage II: 1 Note: r* and r represents the threshold for declaring futility, i.e. greater than r* or r responses would be required to consider ongoing investigation. The null hypothesis of 5% is based upon the assumption that virtually no subjects would experience pCR if the therapy was not effective. The alternative hypothesis of 35% is based upon the assumption that complete responses in the absence of chemotherapy in approximately one-third of subjects would be clinically meaningful, encouraging further development of the treatment paradigm. If no responses are observed, a second feasibility run-in may be considered using a biomarker enrichment strategy (such as with the 27-gene IO score). The arm will be terminated from further development if an unacceptable proportion of patients experience rapid clinical/radiographic progression (defined as progression of disease, or clinical evidence of progression), or other toxicities that interfere with curative-intent therapy, defined as >1/6 evaluable subjects in stage I or >2/12 in stage II, evaluated for each arm. This is a Pocock-type stopping boundary that yields the probability of cross the boundary at most 23% when the rate of dose-limiting toxicity is equal to 10%.

Enrollment

12 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

1. Age ≥ 18 years, inclusive of all genders. 2. Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1. 3. Patients must have histologically confirmed TNBC (ER/PR ≤ 10% allowed, HER2- as defined by ASCO guidelines). HER2 negative permitted to enroll as IHC 0, 1, or 2+ with negative ISH. 4. Primary breast tumor at least 2cm (at least clinical T2 based on pathology, imaging, or clinical exam) and measurable by ultrasound. 5. No clinical evidence of regional nodal involvement (N0). 6. Multifocal/multicentric disease is allowed if all suspicious sites have been biopsied and are consistent with TNBC OR, if in the opinion of the investigator, all suspicious sites represent the same disease process and biopsy is not clinically indicated. 7. No prior therapy of any kind for TNBC. 8. Willingness to undergo serial ultrasounds, serial biopsies, and blood draws. 9. Patients must have adequate organ function as defined below. Specimens must be collected within 28 days prior to the start of study treatment. * Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/µL * Platelets ≥100 000/µL * Hemoglobin ≥8.0 g/dL or ≥5.0 mmol/L * Creatinine OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) ≤1.5 × ULN OR ≥30 mL/min for participant with creatinine levels \>1.5 × institutional ULN * Total bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN OR direct bilirubin ≤ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels \>1.5 × ULN. Patients with elevated LFTs that are suggestive of Gilbert's disease (a benign process) are eligible. * AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤2.5 × ULN * International normalized ratio (INR) OR prothrombin time (PT) Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤1.5 × ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or aPTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants * TSH and free T4 levels should be drawn within 14 days prior to start of treatment. Patients must have adequate thyroid function as demonstrated by free T4 values, regardless of TSH. 10. Fertile male patients and female patients of childbearing potential must agree to avoid impregnating a partner or becoming pregnant, respectively. They must be willing to employ highly effective contraception methods (with a failure rate of less than 1% when used consistently and correctly) at least 28 days before the first dose of study treatment until 4 months after the last dose of study treatment. A woman is considered of childbearing potential following menarche and until becoming post-menopausal unless permanently sterile. Permanent sterilization methods include hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, and bilateral oophorectomy. Postmenopausal state is defined as no menses for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. Acceptable methods of contraception presented below are in compliance with the Clinical Trial Facilitation and Coordination Group (CTFG) recommendations related to contraception and pregnancy testing in clinical trials, Version 1.1 (September, 2020). However, if a contraception method listed below is restricted by local regulations/guidelines, then it does not qualify as an acceptable method of contraception in that country/region. Local guidelines should be followed. * Combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation: Oral. Intravaginal. Transdermal. * Progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation: Oral. Injectable. Implantable. * Intrauterine device (IUD). * Intrauterine hormone-releasing system (IUS). * Bilateral tubal occlusion. * Vasectomized partner. (Only considered to be highly effective contraception if he is the sole sexual partner of the female patient of childbearing potential and if the vasectomized partner has received medical assessment of the surgical success.) * Sexual abstinence. (Only considered to be highly effective contraception if defined as refraining from heterosexual intercourse during the entire period of risk associated with the study treatments. The reliability of sexual abstinence needs to be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical study and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient and if considered acceptable by local regulatory agencies and IRBs/IECs. 11. Pre-menopausal women must have a negative urinary or serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to start of treatment. If screening serum pregnancy test collected outside of 72 hours prior to start of treatment, this may be accepted for determination of eligibility, but must be re-checked prior to treatment C1D1. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required. The following age-specific requirements apply: * Women \< 50 years of age are considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy). * Women ≥ 50 years of age are considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses \>1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses \>1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy). 12. TIL score \> 1%.

Exclusion criteria

1. Bilateral breast cancer. 2. Prior malignancies that require ongoing active therapy or are at clinically significant risk of systemic recurrence in the opinion of the investigator. 3. Suspicion for, or histologically confirmed metastatic disease. 4. Symptomatic primary tumor. 5. Primary tumor with potential for skin ulceration or invasion of the chest wall, or with pain that would suggest rapid progression or imminent muscle/skin involvement in the opinion of the enrolling investigator. 6. Prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or antiPDL2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., CTLA-4, OX40, CD137). Patients who have received these agents more than 3 years prior for other malignancies may be considered if they are not still at clinically significant risk of systemic recurrence in the opinion of the investigator. 7. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug excipients. 8. Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug. 9. Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in excess of prednisone 10mg daily or equivalent in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment and is allowed. 10. Received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed. Additionally, COVID-19 vaccinations (including boosters) should not be scheduled within 72 hours (before or after) of dosing days for INBRX-106 and pembrolizumab. 11. Participants with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (\> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses \> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. 12. Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial. 13. Pregnant or breastfeeding. 14. History of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis. 15. History of allogenic tissue/solid organ transplantation. 16. Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment. Has a known additional malignancy (other than their current breast cancer diagnosis) that is progressing or has required active systemic treatment within the past 3 years. Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ (e.g., breast carcinoma cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug. 17. History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or clinically significant laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator. 18. Active infection requiring systemic therapy with the exception of UTI requiring oral antibiotic therapy and prophylactic anti-viral therapy (e.g. Acyclovir). 19. Known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. 20. Known history of Hepatitis B (defined as Hepatitis B surface antigen \[HBsAg\] reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA \[qualitative\] is detected) infection. Patients with naturally acquired immunity are allowed (i.e. HBsAg(-); HBcAb(+); HBsAb(+/-). Note: no testing for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C is required unless mandated by local health authority. 21. Any known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

12 participants in 1 patient group

Pembrolizumab + INBRX-106
Experimental group
Description:
Patients will be given pembrolizumab at a dose of 200mg IV in combination with INBRX-106 at a dose of 0.1mg/kg IV every 3 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: INBRX-106
Drug: Pembrolizumab

Trial contacts and locations

4

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Central trial contact

Nicole Moxon, RN

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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