Neurologic Signatures of Chronic Pain Disorders

T

Taipei Veterans General Hospital

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Fibromyalgia
Chronic Migraine
Chronic Pain

Treatments

Drug: flunarizine and/or pregabalin

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02747940
2015-10-001BC2015-11-001AC002B

Details and patient eligibility

About

"Brain signatures" as objective measures of acute pain have been characterized with functional magnetic resonance image and machine learning technology. As compared to acute pain, chronic pain leads to greater socioeconomic burden. However, measures for chronic pain remain subjective and suboptimal, and the brain signatures for chronic pain are largely unknown. Chronic migraine and fibromyalgia are two prototypes primary chronic pain disorders with high disability and intractability with prevalence of around 2% for both diseases. These two chronic pain disorders have shared clinical presentations (abnormal pain sensitivity, mood and sleep disorders), pathophysiology (central sensitization) and medical treatment (anti-depressants), despite different body parts are involved (head vs. whole body). The present integrated project aims to characterize both common and disease-specific brain signatures of chronic pain by investigating these two chronic pain disorders. Our findings may shed some light on the key mechanisms of pain chronification, and may pave the way for the optimization of diagnosis and prognostication, as well as formulation of personalized medicine in chronic pain, so as to improve life quality of these patients and to reduce socioeconomic loss. The present project includes three interdisciplinary sub-projects (plus one animal study, not listed here): A: Clinical studies for chronic migraine and fibromyalgia: endophenotypes and pain chronification B: Functional neuroimaging of chronic pain: multimodal quantitative analysis of brain connectomes C. Data stream mining technology for multimodal physiological signals of chronic pain: real-time tracking and clinical correlation The specific aims of the present projects include: Identification of common and disease-specific brain signatures for chronic pain (sub-projects A, B, C) Investigation of clinical indicators with predictive values by machine learning analysis of big data (sub-projects A, B, C) Elucidation of the specific anatomical structures or neural networks underpinning pain chronification based on clinical neuroimaging (sub-projects A, B) In this 1st-year pilot study of the 4-year longitudinal study, we will establish experimental platforms for each sub-project, start to recruit participants and perform endophenotyping, as well as have a preliminary integration for sub-projects A, B and C.

Enrollment

200 patients

Sex

All

Ages

20 to 70 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Control: devoid of any systemic or neurological diseases
  • Chronic migraine: by ICHD-III (International Classification of Headache Disorder) criteria
  • Fibromyalgia: by ACR (American College of Rheumatology) 2010 criteria

Exclusion criteria

  • history of major systemic illness, including uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes, chronic renal insufficiency, autoimmune diseases or malignancies
  • history of neurological disorders which might affect sensation such as previous stroke or peripheral neuropathy
  • history of substance abuse (except painkillers)
  • heavy smokers (with a daily consumption >20 cigarettes)
  • pregnancy or lactation
  • any contraindication for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • and any obvious infection or inflammation over a period of at least 1 month before the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

200 participants in 3 patient groups

patients with chronic migraine
Experimental group
Description:
flunarizine for patients with chronic migraine
Treatment:
Drug: flunarizine and/or pregabalin
patients with fibromyalgia
Experimental group
Description:
pregabalin for patients with fibromyalgia
Treatment:
Drug: flunarizine and/or pregabalin
patients with chronic migraine and fibromyalgia
Experimental group
Description:
flunarizine and pregabalin for patients with chronic migraine and myalgia
Treatment:
Drug: flunarizine and/or pregabalin

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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