Novel Approaches for Quantitative Assessment of Adherence (Tracer Pilot)

University of Colorado Denver (CU Denver) logo

University of Colorado Denver (CU Denver)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Healthy

Treatments

Other: Adenine 5+ (five stable-labeled nitrogens)

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT04535934
20-0332
1R01AI122298 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Approximately 12 adults subjects will be enrolled. Participants will be randomized to one of two directly observed dosing regimens with 2mg adenine 5+ (five stable-labeled nitrogens) as follows: 1 dose/week followed by 4 doses/week OR 3 doses/week followed by 7 doses/week. Each dose regimen will have a duration of approximately 12 weeks and will be separated by a 12-week washout period for a total study duration of approximately 36 weeks. Dried blood spots (DBS) and whole blood will be collect weekly. Urine will be collected less frequently, about every 2 weeks. The ratio of ATP 5+ to naturally occurring ATP 2+ is dried blood spots will be the primary outcome, as adenine is phosphorylated to ATP in red blood cells. Breakdown products will be measured in urine. Investigators will allow flexibility in terms of which days are used for dosing for the 1, 3, and 4 dose(s)/week regimens. This is scientifically justified as investigators expect a 20-30 day half-life of ATP 5+ in DBS.

Full description

Approximately twelve healthy adult volunteers with no contraindicated medical conditions or medications will be recruited from CU/Denver and the surrounding community. Participants will be randomized to one of 2 sequences consisting of two directly observed dosing regimens with 2mg adenine 5+ per dose, 1 dose/week followed by 4 doses/week or 3 doses/week followed by 7 doses/week. Each dose regimen will have a duration of approximately 12 weeks and will be separated by an approximately 12-week washout period for a total study duration of approximately 36 weeks. The rationale for this study design is several fold. First, the lower doses are given initially to minimize the potential effects of carry-over in the second regimen. Second, 1 to 7 doses/week encompass a wide range of simulated adherence rates to assess the promise of this taggant, adenine 5+, as an adherence biomarker. Third, the 12 week duration is designed to achieve ~90% of steady-state given an estimated half-life of 20-30 days.

Enrollment

15 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 40 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion:

  • Ambulatory 18-40 year old adults.
  • Ability to comply with study procedures, including directly observed dosing visits and availability and use of video streaming technology.

Exclusion:

  • Inability to give informed consent
  • Pregnancy or plan to become pregnant in the next 12 months or unwillingness to use birth control
  • Current breastfeeding
  • Active psychiatric illness, social condition, or alcohol/drug abuse that, in the opinion of the investigators, would interfere with study requirements.
  • GFR estimate < 60 ml/min (MDRD equation).
  • Total bilirubin and/or hepatic transaminases (ALT and AST) ≥ 2.5x upper limit of normal
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≤ 1,500/mm3, platelets count ≤ 100,000/mm3, or hemoglobin ≤ 10 g/dL.
  • Symptomatic hemoglobinopathies or active hemolysis.
  • Any laboratory value or uncontrolled medical conditions that, in the opinion of the investigators, would interfere with the study conditions such as, heart disease and/or cancer.
  • Any investigational agents within 30 days of enrollment.
  • Plan to donate blood or plasma during study enrollment.

Trial design

15 participants in 2 patient groups

1 dose/week followed by 4 doses/week
Description:
Directly observed dosing regimen with 2 mg adenine 5+ (five stable-labeled nitrogens) as follows: 1 dose/week followed by 4 doses/week. The duration of each dosing regimen will be approximately 12 weeks. A washout period of approximately 12 weeks will separates the dosing regimens.
Treatment:
Other: Adenine 5+ (five stable-labeled nitrogens)
3 doses/week followed by 7 doses/week.
Description:
Directly observed dosing regimen with 2 mg adenine 5+ (five stable-labeled nitrogens) as follows: 3 doses/week followed by 7 doses/week. The duration of each dosing regimen will be approximately 12 weeks. A washout period of approximately 12 weeks will separates the dosing regimens.
Treatment:
Other: Adenine 5+ (five stable-labeled nitrogens)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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