OHRQoL and Parental Perception in a Group of Children and Adolescents With Down Syndrome: A Cross

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Cairo University (CU)




Quality of Life
Down Syndrome
Oral Health

Study type


Funder types



OHRQoL in down syndrome

Details and patient eligibility


The aim of the study is to evaluate Oral Health related quality of life of children and adolescents with down syndrome and Parental Perception, knowledge and Attitude on oral health conditions of children and adolescents with down syndrome

Full description

Oral disease and conditions can undermine self-image and self-esteem , dis-courage normal social interaction, and cause other health problems and lead to chronic stress and depression , They may also interfere with vital-functions such as breathing , food selection eating, swallowing and speaking, and with activities of daily living such as work, school, and family interactions . Oral Health Related Quality of Life captures the aim of new prospective and defined as a multidimensional construct that reflects people's comfort when eating, sleeping and engaging in social inter-action, their self-esteem and their satisfaction with respect to their oral health . Down syndrome (DS) is the most common neuro-developmental disorder of known genetic origin, arising from an extra copy of chromosome 21. Children and adolescents with down syndrome present particular characteristics that may have a negative impact on their oral health and function. Protruding large tongue and facial muscle hypotonicity impairing speaking and chewing abilities. Bruxism, respiratory problems and mouth breathing are common among them. Periodontal disease is the most significant oral health problem in people with Down syndrome due immunological deficiency, poor masticatory function and poor oral hygiene . Another common oral manifestation associated with the syndrome is malocclusion. In this regard, mandibular protrusion, anterior open bite, and posterior crossbite have been reported as prevalent outcomes among DS individuals . It has been shown that the impact of oral disease on Oral Health Related Quality Of Life of children with disabilities can be used in health service planning and priority setting. Studies have recommended that people with a negative oral condition should receive treatment first , Hence this vulnerable group of children needs to be prioritized in the planning of health services and oral health care programs


194 patients




4 to 14 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Parents of children and adolescents diagnosed with Down syndrome who agree to participate in the study.
  • Children and adolescents with Down syndrome aged from 4 to 14 years.
  • Both genders.

Exclusion criteria

-Children/adolescents with multiple disabilities

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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