Omega™ Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluder in Patients With Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation

V

Vascular Innovations

Status

Completed

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Treatments

Device: Omega™ Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluder

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03526471
LAAC

Details and patient eligibility

About

Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased risk of stroke mostly because of clot formation in the left atrial appendage, a small alcove in the left atrium heart chamber. Plugging this appendage with an implantable plug type device, which is placed via a catheter painlessly in the femoral vein, has been proven to be a reliable alternative to the standard anti-clotting medication in a number of recent international trials. The Omega device is a new design of such a plug, made from biocompatible and compressible nitinol and fabric. Up to 195 patients will be enrolled in Europe, assuming that enrolment will stop once the Omega™ device has been successfully implanted in 150 evaluable patients. The primary performance endpoint of the study is LAA closure (defined as complete seal or efficient seal with a peri-device leak ≤ 5 mm) at 60 days (+/- 15 days) visit documented by transoesophageal echocardiogram (TEE/TOE) with colour flow Doppler.

Full description

This is a single arm study to assess the safety and performance of the Omega™ Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluder in patients with Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and high bleeding risk. The study will be conducted in accordance with the ISO standard ISO 14155 (Clinical investigation of medical devices for human subjects - Good clinical practice) and other legal requirements as applicable. The primary performance endpoint of the study is LAA closure (defined as complete seal or efficient seal with a peri-device leak ≤ 5 mm) at 60 days (+/- 15 days) visit documented by transoesophageal echocardiogram (TEE/TOE) with colour flow Doppler. The primary safety endpoint of the study is device-related complications (serious adverse events [SAEs]) through 60 days (+/- 15 days) post-procedural. Following consent a number of assessments will be undertaken prior to the procedure to ensure the study eligibility criteria are met. These assessments include; medical history, physical exams, ECG, blood tests, transthoracic echocardiogram, transesophageal echocardiogram and cardiac CT. The implant procedure will usually be performed under general anaesthetic. A thin catheter is inserted in the femoral vein in the right groin area and advanced under X-Ray guidance to the right atrium, then a very small needle is used to cross through to the left atrium to allow the delivery catheter to place the Omega in the Appendage, guided by both X-Ray and transesophageal echo. A medication regimen for endocarditis prophylaxis anticoagulation is recommended post procedure. Following discharge, patients will be seen again at 60 days, 6 months and 12 months to collect data for the primary performance endpoint (by TTE or TEE) and safety endpoints (mRS, stroke/TIA assessments, and ECG). An interim analysis is planned following the collection of 60 day data for the first 10 patients implanted with the device. An additional interim analysis will be performed following the collection of 60 days (+/- 15 days) data for the first 50 patients implanted with the device. Final analysis will be performed once all 150 subjects have been implanted with the device and completed the study to further document and confirm the safety and effectiveness of the device.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

All

Ages

60+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. 60 years of age or older
  2. Documented paroxysmal, persistent, or permanent non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF)
  3. At increased risk of stroke or systemic embolism defined as CHADS2 score > 2 or a CHA2DS2-VASc score > 3
  4. Deemed, by investigator, to be unsuitable or contraindicated for long term oral anticoagulation therapy due to high bleeding risk
  5. To have suitable anatomy for percutaneous LAA occlusion procedure with a single Omega™ device based on CT scan evaluation
  6. Able and willing to comply with the required medication regimen post-device implant
  7. Able to understand and willing to provide written informed consent to participate in the study
  8. Able to and willing to return for required follow-up visits and examinations.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Requires long-term oral anticoagulation therapy for any indication other than atrial fibrillation
  2. Contraindicated for or allergic to aspirin, clopidogrel, warfarin or novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC) use
  3. Has undergone surgical atrial septal defect (ASD) repair or has an ASD closure device implanted
  4. Has undergone surgical patent foramen ovale (PFO) repair or has a PFO closure device implanted
  5. Implanted with a mechanical heart valve prosthesis thus requiring long term oral anticoagulation
  6. Has any contraindications for a percutaneous catheterization procedure (e.g. subject is too small to accommodate the transoesophageal echocardiogram (TEE/TOE) probe or required catheters, or subject has active infection or bleeding disorder)
  7. Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 90 days prior to implant procedure
  8. Underwent any cardiac or non-cardiac intervention or surgery within 30 days prior to implant, or intervention or surgery is planned within 60 days after implant procedure
  9. Myocardial infarction (MI) within 90 days prior to implant
  10. New York Heart Association Class IV Congestive Heart Failure
  11. Left ventricular ejection Fraction (LVEF) <30%
  12. Symptomatic carotid artery disease (defined as >50% reduced diameter with symptoms of ipsilateral transient or visual TIA evidenced by amaurosis fugax, ipsilateral hemispheric TIAs or ipsilateral stroke); if subject has a history of carotid stent or endarterectomy the subject is eligible if there is >50% reduced diameter
  13. Reversible cause of AF (i.e. secondary thyroid disorders, acute alcohol intoxication, trauma, recent major surgical procedures)
  14. History of idiopathic or recurrent venous thromboembolism requiring long term oral anticoagulation
  15. Left atrial appendage is obliterated or surgically ligated
  16. Resting heart rate >110 bpm
  17. Thrombocytopenia (defined as < 70,000 platelets/mm3) or anaemia with haemoglobin concentration of < 10 g/dl (i.e. anaemia as determined by the investigator which would require transfusion)
  18. Actively enrolled or plans to enrol in a concurrent clinical study in which the active treatment arm may confound the results of this trial
  19. Active endocarditis or other infection producing bacteraemia
  20. Subject has a known malignancy or other illness where life expectancy is less than 2 years
  21. Impaired renal function with eGFR <40 ml/min/1.73 m2
  22. More than mild hepatic failure, i.e. ALT, AST, or Alkalic Phosphatase >2× upper limit of normal

Echocardiographic Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Intracardiac thrombus - including LAA - visualized by echocardiographic imaging
  2. Existing circumferential pericardial effusion >2mm
  3. Significant mitral valve stenosis (i.e. mitral valve area <1.5 cm2)
  4. High risk patent foramen ovale (PFO), defined as an atrial septal aneurysm (atrial septal excursion >15mm; excursion defined as maximal protrusion of the ASA beyond the plane of the atrial septum during cardiac cycle) or large shunt (substantial passage of bubbles, i.e. >25, within 3 cardiac cycles from appearing in the right atrium)
  5. Complex atheroma with mobile plaque of the descending aorta and/or aortic arch
  6. Cardiac tumour
  7. LAA anatomy cannot accommodate an Omega™ device (as per IFU)
  8. Placement of the device would interfere with any intracardiac or intravascular structure.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

20 participants in 1 patient group

Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluder
Experimental group
Description:
Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluder
Treatment:
Device: Omega™ Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluder

Trial contacts and locations

2

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems