Open-Label Study of Vaginal AZU-101 in Postmenopausal Women

A

Azure Biotech

Status and phase

Not yet enrolling
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Postmenopausal Symptoms

Treatments

Drug: Lasofoxifene Tartrate (AZU-101)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT06197568
GSM-201

Details and patient eligibility

About

Study Objectives: Primary ° To evaluate the safety and tolerability of multiple vaginal doses of AZU-101 at 3 dose levels in postmenopausal women Secondary * To assess systemic pharmacokinetics (PK) of AZU-101 * To assess the efficacy of multiple vaginal doses of AZU-101 at 3 dose levels in postmenopausal women

Full description

This is an open-label Phase 1b/2a study to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and efficacy of vaginal AZU-101 in healthy postmenopausal female subjects over a period of 28 days. AZU-101 is a vaginal formulation of lasofoxifene tartrate, a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM). A total of 35 subjects, age 45 to 65 years, will be assigned to five cohorts (Cohorts 1-5) sequentially during enrollment (n=7/cohort). A once-weekly dose of AZU-101 will be administered at a dose of 0.1 μg (Cohort 1), 0.5 μg (Cohort 2), or 1 μg (Cohort 3) for 4 doses. A twice-weekly dose of AZU-101 will be administered at a dose of 0.1 μg (Cohort 4) or 0.5 μg (Cohort 5) for 8 doses. Safety and tolerability will be measured by vital signs, electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters, and the incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and concomitant treatments. The PK profile will be assessed using peak plasma concentration (Cmax), time to peak plasma concentration (tmax), and area-under-the-concentration-time-curve from time zero to infinity (AUC0-∞). Efficacy will be evaluated using vaginal pH, the vaginal Maturation Index (percentage of vaginal parabasal cells and superficial cells), and identification of the most bothersome symptom to the subject (dyspareunia, vaginal dryness, or vaginal irritation/itching).

Enrollment

35 estimated patients

Sex

Female

Ages

45 to 65 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Postmenopausal female subjects between 45 and 65 years old, inclusive (at the time of signing informed consent) with at least:

    1. 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea; or
    2. At least 6 weeks postsurgical bilateral oophorectomy.
  2. Have self-identified at least one moderate to severe vaginal symptom that is most bothersome to her:

    1. Pain associated with sexual activity (dyspareunia)
    2. Vaginal dryness
    3. Vaginal irritation/itching
  3. Vaginal pH ≥5.

  4. Vaginal smear with the percentage of superficial cells not exceeding 5%

  5. In the opinion of the Investigator, the subject will comply with the protocol and has a high probability of completing the study.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Any contraindication to SERMs

  2. Use of any of the following:

    1. Oral estrogen-, progestin-, androgen-, or SERM-containing drug products within 3 months before Screening Visit
    2. Transdermal hormone products within 4 weeks before Screening Visit
    3. Vaginal hormone products (rings, creams, gels) within 4 weeks before Screening Visit
    4. Intrauterine progestins within 8 weeks before Screening Visit
    5. Progestin implants/injectables or estrogen pellets/injectables within 6 months before Screening Visit
    6. Any medication, herbal product or nutritional supplement known or suspected to interact with AZU-101 within 2 weeks prior to Screening Visit
  3. Evidence of underlying disease during the Screening Visit (performed within 28 days of Day 1) or at admission on Day 1.

  4. A history or active presence of clinically important medical disease that might confound the study or be detrimental to the subject, including but not limited to:

    1. Endometrial hyperplasia
    2. Undiagnosed vaginal bleeding
    3. History of a chronic liver or kidney dysfunction/disorder (e.g., hepatitis C or chronic renal failure)
    4. Thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, or thromboembolic disorders
    5. Cerebrovascular accident, stroke, or transient ischemic attack
    6. Myocardial infarction or ischemic heart disease
    7. Malignancy or treatment for malignancy, within the previous 5 years, with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
    8. History of estrogen dependent neoplasia, breast cancer, melanoma, or any gynecologic cancer, at any time
    9. Endocrine disease (except for controlled hypothyroidism or controlled non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus)
    10. Known breast cancer gene (BRCA) mutation associated with increased risk of neoplasia
  5. TVUS of the endometrium at Screening with a double-wall thickness measurement greater than 4 mm

  6. Abnormal endometrial biopsy in non-hysterectomized women

  7. A body mass index (BMI) <18 and >38 kg/m2

  8. History of known alcohol or drug abuse within 1 year of the Screening Visit

  9. Positive urine drug or alcohol screen at Screening Visit

  10. Use of 15 or more cigarettes per day or current use of any electronic cigarettes

  11. Use of an investigational drug or biologic within 60 days before administration of the first dose of study drug

  12. Any clinically important abnormalities on Screening physical examination, assessments, ECG, or laboratory tests, including but not limited to:

    1. Unresolved cervical cytologic smear report of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGUS) or atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS). Cervical cytologic smear report of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) or greater, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 1 or greater, or any reported dysplasia; Subjects with ASCUS are eligible only if high risk human papilloma virus (HPV) result is negative or she has a history of vaccination against HPV.
    2. Unresolved findings suspicious for malignancy on the breast exam; incomplete mammogram result (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System [BI-RADS] category 0) or unresolved findings suggestive of malignant changes or findings requiring short interval follow-up on the pre-study mammogram (subjects must have mammography result of BI-RADS category 1 or 2 to enroll). Mammogram performed within 9 months prior to Screening Visit with documentation available may be used to evaluate study eligibility. The site must obtain a copy of the official report for the subject's study file, and it must be verified that the mammogram itself is available if needed for additional assessment.
    3. Hematocrit <35% or >45%
    4. Serum creatinine >15% of the upper limit of normal (ULN) for the laboratory used.
    5. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >1.5 times the ULN for the laboratory used
    6. Fasting total cholesterol greater than 300 mg/dL (7.77 mmol/L) or triglycerides greater than 300 mg/dL (3.39 mmol/L)
    7. Positive laboratory finding for Factor V Leiden mutation
    8. Fasting glucose >125 mg/dL
    9. Uncontrolled hypertension (subjects with sitting BP >139 mmHg systolic or >89 mmHg diastolic) and may not be using more than 2 antihypertensive medications for the treatment of hypertension
    10. Uncontrolled hypotension; subjects with sitting BP <95 mmHg systolic or <65 mmHg diastolic
    11. A clinically significant abnormal 12-lead ECG (e.g., showing previous myocardial infarction or other findings suggestive of ischemia)
    12. Positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

35 participants in 5 patient groups

Weekly 0.1 μg AZU-101
Experimental group
Description:
Weekly 0.1 μg vaginal dose of AZU-101
Treatment:
Drug: Lasofoxifene Tartrate (AZU-101)
Weekly 0.5 μg AZU-101
Experimental group
Description:
Weekly 0.5 μg vaginal dose of AZU-101
Treatment:
Drug: Lasofoxifene Tartrate (AZU-101)
Weekly 1 μg AZU-101
Experimental group
Description:
Weekly 1 μg vaginal dose of AZU-101
Treatment:
Drug: Lasofoxifene Tartrate (AZU-101)
Twice-weekly 0.1 μg AZU-101
Experimental group
Description:
Twice-weekly 0.1 μg vaginal dose of AZU-101
Treatment:
Drug: Lasofoxifene Tartrate (AZU-101)
Twice-weekly 0.5 μg AZU-101
Experimental group
Description:
Twice-weekly 0.5 μg vaginal dose of AZU-101
Treatment:
Drug: Lasofoxifene Tartrate (AZU-101)

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Susan L Levinson, PhD; Howard Levy, MD PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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