Optimal Time to Initiate Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV & TB Coinfected Adults Being Treated for Tuberculosis (TB-HAART)

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Karolinska Institute

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Tuberculosis
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Treatments

Other: Comparison of different treatment strategies

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01315301
SWE-2007-270

Details and patient eligibility

About

Aim of the study is to determine optimal time to initiate anti-retroviral therapy in HIV/TB co-infected patients who recently started treatment for Tuberculosis by comparing immediate versus deferred initiation of HAART. The study will address the following questions; Is it possible to reduce mortality rate and increase survival by early initiation of HAART during TB treatment with out compromising for adverse drug reaction, toxicity and immune reconstitution syndrome? What is the risk/ benefit ratio between immediate versus deferred initiation of HAART during TB treatment with respect to safety/efficacy of TB and HIV co-treatment? When is the most appropriate time to start HAART during TB treatment?

Full description

The study intends to determine the optimal time to start ART by comparing three treatment strategies of ART initiation in HIV/TB co-infected patients. Four hundred fifty newly diagnosed HIV infected patients with active TB and CD4 cell count < 200 cells/mm3 will be prospectively recruited to be assigned randomly in parallel into one of the three treatment groups (n=150 in each group) and HAART will be started at different time points as described below with extensive counseling and adherence support. Arm-A (Immediate Treatment Group): Receipt of antiretroviral therapy one week after starting anti-TB treatment. Arm-B (Deferred Treatment Group-1): Antiretroviral therapy will be initiated at the 4th week of starting anti-TB treatment (in the middle of the intensive phase TB treatment). Arm-C (Deferred Treatment Group-2): Antiretroviral therapy will be initiated at the 8th week of starting anti-TB treatment (after completion of the intensive phase of TB treatment). Study Design: Interventional, prospective, randomized, open-label three-armed trial with no placebo, Active control, parallel assignment, safety and efficacy study. Study population: Previously untreated HIV-infected adult patients with TB and CD4 cell counts < 200/mm3 at the time of TB diagnosis. Expected Total Enrollment = 450 Treatment: Patients will receive first-line preferred regimen for patients with TB and HIV coinfection (rifampicin containing short course TB treatment and efavirenz-containing HAART regimen. The intensive phase of anti-TB therapy consists of 2 months treatment with Rifampicin, Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide and Ethambutol followed by the continuation phase with Isoniazid and Rifampicin daily for 4 months under Directly Observed Therapy (DOTS). After the initiation of TB treatment, patients in Arm-A, Arm-B and Arm-C will start EFV-containing HAART regimen (efavirenz + Lamivudine (3TC) + Stavudine (d4T) after one week, in the middle(at 4th week) and at the end (8th week) of the intensive phase TB treatment respectively. Primar prophylaxis with cotrimoxazole will be offered to all patients.

Enrollment

450 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Newly diagnosed ART naive HIV infected patients and age > 18 years old
  • Newly diagnosed smear +ve PTB cases (abnormal CXR and at least one sputum sample +ve for AFB)
  • Newly diagnosed smear -ve PTB cases (CXR consistent with active TB plus at least two sputum specimens negative for AFB and decision by the physician to treat for TB or smear negative for AFB but culture positive cases)
  • Tissue biopsy or FNAC results consistent with the diagnosis of tuberculosis
  • CD4 cell count < 200/mm3 at the time of TB diagnosis
  • Residence in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Ability to give signed written/thumb sign informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnancy and breast-feeding women
  • Patients who received anti TB therapy with in the past two years
  • Patients who have previous treatment experience with antiretroviral therapy
  • Severely ill patients Karnofsky performance status score < 40
  • Baseline Hgb < 8 gms/dL

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

450 participants in 3 patient groups

Arm-A
Active Comparator group
Description:
Immediate Treatment Group
Treatment:
Other: Comparison of different treatment strategies
Arm-B
Active Comparator group
Description:
Deferred Treatment Group-1
Treatment:
Other: Comparison of different treatment strategies
Arm-C
Active Comparator group
Description:
Deferred Treatment Group-2
Treatment:
Other: Comparison of different treatment strategies

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Wondwossen Amogne, MD; Eleni Aklillu, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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