Oral Iron Therapy in Chronic Heart Failure Patients


University of Sao Paulo

Status and phase

Phase 3


Heart Failure


Dietary Supplement: Ferrous sulfate
Dietary Supplement: Placebo starch

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This study is design to evaluate the effectiveness of oral iron therapy in patients with heart failure and identify the central and peripheral mechanisms involved in the improvement of functional capacity after intervention. The investigation includes subjective and objective measures on exercise performance and heart function after intervention, and the tolerability of oral iron treatment.

Full description

This is a placebo-controlled, double-blind and randomized clinical trial that will include patients with symptomatic stable chronic heart failure (New York Heart Association Functional Class II or III), with diagnosis of iron deficiency (ferritin <100 ng / dL or ferritin between 100 - 300 ng / dL and transferrin saturation <20%) followed in an outpatient clinic. The enrolled patients (n = 36) will be randomly allocated in the ratio 2:1 to treatment with 60 mg of elemental iron orally (n = 24) or placebo administration (n = 12), 3 times daily for 4 months. The primary outcome investigated will be an increase of the transferrin saturation ≥ 10 percentage points between baseline and after the intervention. Secondary outcomes of the study will be the change in iron stores, red blood cell indices, neurohumoral activation, left ventricular systolic function, functional capacity, mechanoreflex activity, and quality life score.


36 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria

  • Both gender patients aged over 18 years;
  • Diagnosis of chronic heart failure (identified by the use of Framingham criteria) for ≥ 6 months;
  • New York Heart Association functional class II and III;
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 45%
  • Regular attendance in an outpatient Heart Failure Clinic;
  • Adequate therapeutic drug for heart failure syndrome based on beta-adrenergic blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker, and mineralocorticoid receptor blocker;
  • Evidence of iron deficiency in biochemical analyses: ferritin values < 100 ng/dL or between 100 ng/dL and 300 ng/dL, with transferrin saturation < 20%;
  • Hemoglobin value between 9,0 - 16 g/dL;
  • Provide written informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

  • Recent device implant (in the last 3 months) or perspective of device implantation (conventional or multisite pacing) in the next 6 months;
  • Known active infection, inflammatory disease or C-reactive protein > 20 mg/dL
  • Immunosuppressive therapy;
  • In use of erythropoietin and/or current treatment with oral or intravenous iron;
  • Clinically bleeding or blood transfusion in previous 3 months;
  • Renal failure on dialysis;
  • Hemoglobinopathies, hemochromatosis or active malignancy;
  • Unstable angina pectoris or clinically significant uncorrected valvular disease, except mitral and tricuspid regurgitation secondary to ventricular dilatation;
  • Acute myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome, transient ischaemic attack within the last 3 months;
  • Uncontrolled arterial hypertension;
  • Evidence of comorbidity that features active systemic disease, i.e. liver disease, collagen disease and untreated hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism;
  • Pregnant or lactating women;
  • Anaemia due to reasons other than iron deficiency (i.e. vitamin B12 deficiency);
  • Recent admission for decompensated heart failure (last 3 months).

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

36 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Ferrous sulfate
Experimental group
Dietary Supplement: Ferrous sulfate
Placebo Comparator group
Dietary Supplement: Placebo starch

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Jaqueline RS Gentil, Master

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems