Outcomes of Women After Obstetric Fistula Repair

University of North Carolina (UNC) logo

University of North Carolina (UNC)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Fistula
HIV

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02685878
UNCPM 21502

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to describe the long-term surgical success, quality of life, prevalence of depression, fertility rates, and pregnancy outcomes of patients who have undergone obstetric fistula repair. This will be a study involving up to 300 women 1-3 years after they have undergone obstetric fistula repair at the Fistula Care Center in Lilongwe, Malawi. Patients who underwent obstetric fistula repair between January 1, 2012 and July 31, 2014 will be identified from an existing database of fistula patients. They will then be contacted and invited to participate in the study. Consented patients will complete a 1-hour pad weight to evaluate urinary continence, a demographic questionnaire, an incontinence-related quality of life metric, and a depression metric. The data will be analyzed and then disseminated to stakeholders.

Full description

Eligible participants will be identified from an existing, secure database. Participants will be contacted and traced. They will then be invited to participate in the study. If a participant agrees to participate in the study, they will undergo informed consent by trained study staff, using IRB-approved informed consent forms. They will then undergo a 1-hour pad weight, complete demographic data, complete an incontinence-related quality of life metric, and complete a depression metric. 1-hour pad weight: Use of the 1-hour pad weights have been recommended as an objective measure of treatment outcome for anti-incontinence procedures. After a woman has agreed to enroll in the study and has given written consent, she will be asked to complete a 1-hour pad weight. Pad weights will be measured through having participants sit on a pre-weighed pad for exactly one hour and re-weighing the same pad. The weight of the pad before and after will be recorded and the difference between the two will be used as the pad weight. The pad weight represents the degree of urinary leakage a woman is experiencing. In continent populations, this weight is <1.5 grams. The research assistant will use a calibrated portable scale and stopwatch to ensure accurate recording of these weights. During this time, the remainder of the survey will be conducted. Demographic Data: Demographic data for each participant will be collected at the time of enrollment and after a written consent has been obtained. This includes information about the patient's age, place of residence, HIV status, education attainment, living arrangement, number of pregnancies and living children, and symptoms of urinary or fecal leakage. Incontinence-related Quality of Life Metric: To assess OF repair success and continence, participants will be asked about any leakage symptoms with the Kings' Health Questionnaire. Depression Metric:The 9-question Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) will be used to assess repaired OF participants for depression.

Enrollment

297 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Study participants who have had an obstetric fistula repair performed at the Fistula Care Center between January 1, 2012 and July 31, 2014
  2. Women that currently reside within the districts of Lilongwe, Dedza, Kasungu, Salima, Dowa, Ntcheu, Nkhotakota, Mchinji, Ntchisi, and Mzimba will be traced.
  3. Ability to speak Chichewa or English fluently
  4. Current age 18 years or above

Exclusion criteria

  1. Participants who did not have an obstetric fistula repair
  2. Participants who have deceased since their obstetric fistula repair
  3. Participants who do not currently reside within the districts of Lilongwe, Dedza, Kasungu, Salima, Dowa, Ntcheu, Nkhotakota, Mchinji, Ntchisi, and Mzimba

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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