Pain and Comfort Level During Orogastric Catheter Insertion in Preterms (OGpreterm)


Dokuz Eylül University (DEU)




Pain Acute
Orogastric Tube Insertion


Other: dextrose
Other: breast milk

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Purpose of the research: This research was planned to evaluate the effect of breast milk and dextrose application, which are pain relief methods, on the pain and comfort levels of preterm babies who will have an orogastric tube inserted in the 3rd and 4th levels of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Hypotheses: H0: The methods used during orogastric tube insertion do not affect the pain and comfort levels of preterm babies. H1: Preterm babies who are breastfed feel less pain during orogastric tube insertion. H2: Preterm babies given dextrose during orogastric tube insertion feel less pain. H3: The comfort level of preterm babies who are breastfed during orogastric tube insertion is higher. H4: The comfort level of preterm babies given dextrose during orogastric tube insertion is higher. H5: There is a difference between the pain and comfort levels of preterm patients in terms of group, time, and group-time, depending on the intervention applied.

Full description

The orogastric will then be informed about the investigations of the premature babies to be removed. It will be held in a place where video recordings will be taken from the parent during the orogastric catheter insertion process. After informed consent is obtained, the group to be included will be determined by predetermined stratified randomization. Standard treatment will be applied to all preterms. Standard approach; Wrapping data during painful and stressful interventions is an effective method to calm the data and shorten the spread (Gardner and Goldson, 2011). As shown by Erkut and Yıldız with 74 newborns, births wrapped during heel bleeding had lower pain scores and higher oxygen saturation temperatures than the control groups (Erkut and Yıldız, 2017). The wrapping application will be wrapped in the flexion and abduction positions of the pre-terms, as a subscription for all members, in a way that does not cause movement restriction. Babies are cared for every morning between 08.00 and 08.30. During care, orogastric catheters, tubes, and probes are renewed. Hand, face, and body care and oral care are provided and diapers are changed. Orgastric catheters of the babies included in the study will be removed during care hours. Maintenance takes approximately 15 minutes. Wrapping will be applied as standard treatment to all babies included in the study. After the care was done, it was wrapped early and allowed to rest. They are fed at 09.00. Preterms to be included in the study in each group; 30-45 without insertion of orogastric tube. They will be wrapped up in their beds and will be in a rest period where they will not be disturbed until minutes before. Oragastric catheters will be removed before feeding at 9:00. Video recording will be made starting before the procedure of connecting to the oragastric catheter (2 minutes).


60 patients




32 to 34 weeks old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Birth week 32-34,

    • Postnatal week has reached 32-34 weeks,
    • Birth weight over 1500 grams,
    • whose general condition is stable,
    • Planned to insert an orogastric tube,
    • Developed sucking and swallowing reflexes, being able to hold a pacifier,
    • Having breast milk,
    • Preterms whose parents agreed to participate in the study were included in the study.

Exclusion criteria

  • In need of oxygen support,

    • Receiving analgesic and/or sedation treatment,
    • In the preoperative and/or postoperative period,
    • Those with congenital anomalies of the mouth and palate,
    • Those with metabolic (e.g. NEC) and genetic (e.g. osteogenesis imperfecta) diseases,
    • Painful intervention was performed at least 30 minutes before the procedure, Preterm babies will be excluded from the research.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care



Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

60 participants in 3 patient groups

Breast milk
Experimental group
Breast Milk Intervention: Wrapping was applied to the baby as a standard approach. 2 minutes before the insertion of the oragastric catheter, 2 ml of breast milk was given to the babys mouth with a syringe. After the baby was given breast milk, video recording started. The steps for inserting an orogastric catheter were followed, and the baby was monitored in an incubator during the application, with pulse and saturation monitored.
Other: breast milk
Experimental group
Dextrose Intervention: The baby will receive wrapping as standard treatment. The orogastric catheter is visible to the brim with 2 ml of 20% dextrose syringe 2 minutes before the insertion chamber (Bueno et al., 2013). After the baby is given dextrose, the video recording will start. The steps of the orogastric tube insertion procedure will be followed. The baby will be in an incubator during the application, with pulse and saturation monitored.
Other: dextrose
Control group
No Intervention group
The control group: Baby will be wrapped as standard treatment. Video recording will start 2 minutes before the baby is inserted into the orogastric catheter. The steps of the orogastric tube insertion procedure will be followed. The baby will be in an incubator during the application, with pulse and saturation monitored. No additional intervention will be applied to the baby.

Trial contacts and locations



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