Pathological Complete Response Rate in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer With FEC, EC-T, or TC as Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Z

Zhiyong Yu

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Breast Cancer
Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Pathological Complete Response

Treatments

Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: Fluorouracil
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Epirubicin

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03349177
ShandongCHI-02

Details and patient eligibility

About

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become the standard therapy for both locally advanced and early-stage breast cancer in recent years for the improvement breast conserving surgery rate and the evaluation of treatment response in vivo. Pathological complete response (pCR) is an independent prognostic factor irrespective of breast cancer intrinsic subtypes after NAC. The trial is designed to compare effectiveness between anthracycline and/or taxane as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for operable advanced breast cancer in different molecular typing. In this trial the investigators will randomly assign 200 primary breast cancer patients to receive six cycles of fluorourcil, epirubicin,and cyclophosphamide(FEC), or four cycles of epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (EC) followed by four cycles of docetaxel(T), or six cycles of docetaxel and cyclophosphamide (TC). Trasuzumab was recommended combining docetaxel to patients if HER-2 positive.The effectiveness of therapy will be estimated after every two cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Surgery will be performed after completing designated full cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The primary endpoint is to assess pathologic complete response (pCR, ypT0/is ypN0) rate in different regiments. The secondary endpoint is to assess the relationship between pCR rate with molecular typing in different regiments, so that the investigators could optimize neoadjuvant chemotherapy regiment according to molecular typing.

Full description

The trial is designed to compare effectiveness between anthracycline and/or taxane as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for operable advanced breast cancer in different molecular typing. In this trial the investigators will randomly assign 200 primary breast cancer patients to receive six cycles of fluorourcil, epirubicin,and cyclophosphamide(FEC), or four cycles of epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (EC) followed by four cycles of docetaxel(T), or six cycles of docetaxel and cyclophosphamide (TC). Trasuzumab was recommended combining docetaxel to patients if HER-2 positive.The effectiveness of therapy will be estimated after every two cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Surgery will be performed after completing designated full cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The primary endpoint is to assess pathologic complete response (pCR, ypT0/is ypN0) rate in different regiments. The secondary endpoint is to assess the relationship between pCR rate with molecular typing in different regiments, so that the investigators could optimize neoadjuvant chemotherapy regiment according to molecular typing.

Enrollment

200 estimated patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 70 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • All patients were required to give written informed consent.
  • Patients present with operable breast cancers that were diagnosed by histopathology and have no distant metastasis.
  • Have no history of anti-cancer therapies including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and surgical therapy.
  • Have normal cardiac functions by echocardiography.
  • ECOG scores are ≤ 0-1.
  • Patients are disposed to practice contraception during the whole trial.

The results of patients' blood tests are as follows:

Hb ≥ 90 g/L WBC ≥ 3.0×109/L Plt ≥ 100×109/L Neutrophils ≥ 1.5×109/L ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 times of normal upper limit. TBIL ≤ 1.5 times of normal upper limit. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times of normal upper limit.

Exclusion criteria

  • Have other cancers at the same time or have the history of other cancers in recent five years, excluding the controlled skin basal cell carcinoma or skin squamous cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of cervix.
  • Active infections
  • Severe non-cancerous diseases.
  • The patients are undergoing current administration of anti-cancer therapies, or are attending some other clinical trails.
  • Inflammatory breast cancer.
  • Pregnant or lactational, or patients refuse to practice contraception during the whole trial.
  • The patients are in some special conditions that they can't understand the written informed consent, such as they are demented or hawkish.
  • Have allergic history of the chemotherapeutic agents.
  • Bilateral breast cancers.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

200 participants in 3 patient groups

FEC group
Experimental group
Description:
Fluorouracil 500mg/m2 on day 1, epirubicin 100mg/m2 on day 1 and cyclophosphamide 500mg/m2 on day 1 every 3 weeks for six cycles
Treatment:
Drug: Epirubicin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Fluorouracil
EC-T group
Experimental group
Description:
Epirubicin 100mg/m2 on day 1 cyclophosphamide 600mg/m2 on day1 every 2 weeks for four cycles followed by docetaxel 100mg/m2 on day 1 every 3 weeks for four cycles
Treatment:
Drug: Epirubicin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Docetaxel
TC group
Experimental group
Description:
Docetaxel 75mg/m2 on day 1 and cyclophosphamide 600mg/m2 on day 1 every 3 weeks for six cycles
Treatment:
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Docetaxel

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Zhiyong Yu, PhD; Xiaoshan Cao, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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