Patient Satisfaction With Tiered OR Versus Status Quo OR

L

Lawson Health Research Institute

Status

Completed

Conditions

Surgery

Treatments

Other: Patient satisfaction questionnaire

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03439631
110936

Details and patient eligibility

About

Operating room (OR) costs consume a significant portion of hospital budgets. Standard or "Status Quo" ORs are equipped with the same, fixed set of assigned resources, regardless of case complexity or actual resource requirements. Allocation of resources in standard ORs is the same whether the participant is having heart surgery or bunion removal. The investigators propose a strategy for OR design and set up wherein resources are carefully matched to procedure complexity as a novel means of healthcare delivery. This prospective, comparative cohort pilot study will compare two operating room (OR) setup designs. The Tiered OR setup (study intervention) will be an efficiently staffed and equipped OR, geared to the complexity of the surgical procedure. The level of care provided would be equivalent to that of an out-patient day surgery setup. The Status Quo OR setup (control intervention) will be a standard fully equipped, fully staffed OR.

Full description

There is an unmet demand for surgical services in Ontario. The situation worsens as the population ages(9). Ontario healthcare costs account for a staggering 40% of the provincial budget(1).Provincial budget deficits mean an influx of healthcare resources are not forthcoming. The aging population costs Ontarians in excess of $2 billion dollars annually(1). Constrained and overburdened OR resources can result in patients having surgery at night and sometimes surgical procedures being performed by staff not specialized for surgical procedure type(8). Moreover, patient outcomes often decline while they await their surgical date(4, 10-13). Operating rooms are regarded as an area of intensive resource requirements. With no regard to the complexity of a given procedure or demonstrable resource requirements, ORs are typically managed at critical care levels. This is true for specialized support staff like nurses as well(14). Allocation of resources is not tailored to the individual scenario. This inefficient model of surgical care delivery has been the status quo for decades and the fiscal impact, as well as the challenges this poses to productivity, have taken a toll on hospital budgets and contributed to lengthy provincial wait times for surgical procedures stretching months and even years. For example, according to Health Quality Ontario, the average wait times for elective orthopaedic surgery procedures at London Health Science Center (LHSC) is 96 days to first surgical consultation and an average of 211 days to operating on the patient. Faced with rising costs in an aging population, the investigators are compelled to find innovative solutions that will allow hospitals to accomplish more with less. These changes are necessary to maintain the standard of Canadian healthcare system and provide timely services in a cost-efficient manner. Standard or "Status quo" OR set ups are always equipped with the same, fixed set of assigned resources, regardless of case complexity or actual resource requirements. Allocation of resources in standard ORs is the same whether one is having heart surgery or bunion removal. To challenge these apparent incongruities, the investigators and the hospital pilot tested a tiered strategy for surgical procedures wherein resources were carefully matched to procedure complexity. Preliminary results suggested dramatic improvements in efficiency (up to 35%) and reductions in cost (up to 62%). This Academic Centre Tiered Operating Room strategy (ACTION-in-the-OR) presents a shift from the old, one-size-fits-all OR archetype to a novel, efficient model. By reducing OR time for minor procedures, the surplus OR time saved could be made available for the more time consuming surgical procedures and for more patients overall. Specialization and standardization has the potential to improve access and quality of care. This project evaluates an attempt to employ tiered ORs to redistribute finite surgical care resources with orthopedic surgery. While results from a pilot test of high efficiency OR was positive, demonstrating case cost reductions and increased efficiency in OR turnover, longer follow-up, larger sample size, an economic evaluation, and additional high quality evidence is needed to bolster this work. The investigators propose a prospective, comparative cohort study to evaluate the viability of an altered surgical health care delivery model on participant satisfaction and clinical outcomes as well as economic impact of an innovative healthcare delivery model in orthopedic patients undergoing elective foot and ankle surgery. This project is a portion of a larger proposal which also will examine the impact of tiered OR design on other surgical procedures in arthroplasty and general surgery.

Enrollment

200 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

• ≥18 years of age

  • No significant co-morbidities preventing outpatient day surgery
  • Undergoing procedures considered a Low Surgical Resource Requirement of relatively short duration with minimal equipment needs (e.g. bunion, revisions, ankle fractures, removal of hardware etc.)
  • Procedures allowing for standardization of equipment and staff

Exclusion criteria

• Refusal to participate

  • Inability to provide informed consent
  • Likely problems maintaining follow-up in the opinion of the investigator
  • Undergoing multiple operative procedures
  • Unable to read/write English even with the aid of an interpreter (for consent and questionnaire completion).

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

200 participants in 2 patient groups

Tiered OR Satisfaction
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patient satisfaction questionnaire with surgical experience in Tiered OR
Treatment:
Other: Patient satisfaction questionnaire
Status Qou OR satisfaction
Other group
Description:
Patient satisfaction questionnaire with surgical experience in Tiered OR
Treatment:
Other: Patient satisfaction questionnaire

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Lawson Health Research Institute

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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