Pembrolizumab/Placebo Plus Paclitaxel With or Without Bevacizumab for Platinum-resistant Recurrent Ovarian Cancer (MK-3475-B96/KEYNOTE-B96/ENGOT-ov65)

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) logo

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial
Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Ovarian Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Bevacizumab
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: Paclitaxel
Other: Placebo for pembrolizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT05116189
2023-506177-35 (Registry Identifier)
MK-3475-B96 (Other Identifier)
KEYNOTE-B96 (Other Identifier)
jRCT2051210184 (Registry Identifier)
2020-005027-37 (EudraCT Number)
ENGOT-ov65 (Other Identifier)
3475-B96

Details and patient eligibility

About

The primary objective is to compare pembrolizumab plus paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab to placebo plus paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab, with respect to progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 as assessed by the investigator. The hypotheses are that pembrolizumab plus paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab is superior to placebo plus paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab, with respect to PFS per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by the investigator for participants with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) positive tumors (Combined Positive Score \[CPS\] ≥1) and that pembrolizumab plus paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab is superior to placebo plus paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab, with respect to PFS per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by the investigator for all participants.

Enrollment

616 estimated patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Has histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma.
  • Has received 1 or 2 prior lines of systemic therapy for ovarian cancer (OC), including at least 1 prior platinum-based therapy. Participants may have received a prior poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (PARPi), anti-PD-1/anti-PD-L1 therapy, bevacizumab, or hormonal therapy; these will not be considered a separate line of therapy. Any chemotherapy regimen change due to toxicity in the absence of disease progression will be considered part of the same line of therapy.
  • Has provided documented informed consent for the study.
  • Has radiographic evidence of disease progression within 6 months (180 days) after the last dose of platinum-based chemotherapy for OC (i.e., platinum-resistant disease).
  • Is a candidate for paclitaxel chemotherapy (and bevacizumab, if using).
  • Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1 assessed within 3 days before randomization.
  • For a female participant, she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies: Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR Is a WOCBP and uses a contraceptive method that is highly effective (with a failure rate of <1% per year).
  • Has radiographically evaluable disease, either measurable or nonmeasurable per RECIST 1.1, as assessed by the local site investigator.
  • Archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained core or incisional/excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated has been provided.
  • Have adequate organ function.

Exclusion criteria

  • Has nonepithelial cancers, borderline tumors, mucinous, seromucinous that is predominantly mucinous, malignant Brenner's tumor and undifferentiated carcinoma.
  • Has primary platinum-refractory disease, defined as disease that has progressed per radiographic imaging while receiving or within 28 days of the last dose of first-line platinum-based therapy.
  • Has prior disease progression on weekly paclitaxel alone.
  • Has received >2 prior lines of systemic therapy for OC.
  • Has received prior systemic anticancer therapy including investigational agents or maintenance therapy (including bevacizumab maintenance therapy), within 4 weeks before randomization.
  • Has received prior radiation therapy within 2 weeks of start of study intervention.
  • Has not recovered adequately from surgery and/or any complications from the surgery.
  • Has received colony-stimulating factors (e.g., granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [G-CSF], granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor,[GM-CSF] or recombinant erythropoietin) within 4 weeks before randomization.
  • Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study intervention.
  • Has received investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to study intervention.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy.
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years.
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.
  • Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab, paclitaxel, or bevacizumab (if using) and/or any of their excipients.
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years.
  • Has a history of (noninfectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease.
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection.
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, laboratory abnormality, or other circumstance that might confound the results of the study.
  • Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study.
  • Participant, in the judgement of the investigator, is unlikely to comply with the study procedures, restrictions, and requirements of the study.
  • Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.

For bevacizumab treatment

  • Has uncontrolled hypertension.
  • Has current, clinically relevant bowel obstruction including related to underlying epithelial OC, abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation, intra-abdominal abscess, or evidence of rectosigmoid involvement by pelvic exam.
  • Has a history of thrombotic disorders, hemorrhage, hemoptysis, or active gastrointestinal bleeding within 6 months before randomization.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

616 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Pembrolizumab + paclitaxel ± bevacizumab
Experimental group
Description:
Participants receive pembrolizumab 400 mg via intravenous (IV) infusion for eighteen 6-week cycles (approximately 2 years) PLUS paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each 3-week cycle until intolerance or disease progression. Participants who experience severe hypersensitivity reaction to paclitaxel or an AE requiring discontinuation of paclitaxel may receive docetaxel (75 mg/m^2 every 3 weeks [Q3W]) after Sponsor consultation. Participants may also receive bevacizumab 10 mg/kg via IV infusion of each 2-week cycle until intolerance, disease progression, or at the Investigator's discretion.
Treatment:
Drug: Paclitaxel
Drug: Docetaxel
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Bevacizumab
Placebo + paclitaxel ± bevacizumab
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants receive placebo via IV infusion for eighteen 6-week cycles (approximately 2 years) PLUS paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each 3-week cycle until intolerance or disease progression. Participants who experience severe hypersensitivity reaction to paclitaxel or an AE requiring discontinuation of paclitaxel may receive docetaxel (75 mg/m^2 every 3 weeks [Q3W]) after Sponsor consultation. Participants may also receive bevacizumab 10 mg/kg via IV infusion of each 2-week cycle until intolerance, disease progression, or at the Investigator's discretion.
Treatment:
Other: Placebo for pembrolizumab
Drug: Paclitaxel
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: Bevacizumab

Trial contacts and locations

187

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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