Pembrolizumab/Placebo Plus Trastuzumab Plus Chemotherapy in Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 Positive (HER2+) Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) Adenocarcinoma (MK-3475-811/KEYNOTE-811)

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) logo

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

Gastric Neoplasms
Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

Treatments

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Drug: Cisplatin
Biological: Placebo
Biological: Trastuzumab
Drug: S-1
Drug: 5-FU
Drug: Capecitabine
Biological: Pembrolizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03615326
3475-811
MK-3475-811 (Other Identifier)
2018-000224-34 (EudraCT Number)
184142 (Registry Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The study will compare the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus trastuzumab in combination with standard of care (SOC) chemotherapy versus trastuzumab in combination with SOC chemotherapy in participants with HER2-positive gastric cancer. The primary hypotheses of the study are that pembrolizumab plus trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy is superior to trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in terms of 1) progression free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR), and 2) overall survival (OS).

Full description

Pembrolizumab (200 mg) or placebo will be administered intravenously [IV] on day 1 of each 3-week cycle. Trastuzumab (8 mg/kg loading dose, 6 mg/kg maintenance dose) will be administered IV on day 1 of each 3-week cycle. SOC chemotherapy for the global cohort will either be FP (80 mg/m^2 cisplatin administered IV on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle and 800 mg/m^2 5-fluorouracil [5-FU] administered IV on Days 1-5 of each 3-week cycle) or CAPOX (1000 mg/m^2 capecitabine administered orally twice daily [BID] on days 1-14 of each 3-week cycle and 130 mg/m^2 oxaliplatin administered IV on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle). A Japan cohort will receive SOX chemotherapy consisting of S-1 (tegafur, 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine [CDHP], and potassium oxonate [Oxo]) administered orally BID according to Body Surface Area (BSA) on Days 1-14 of each 3-week cycle and oxaliplatin (130 mg/m^2) administered IV on Day 1 each 3-week cycle.

Enrollment

738 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of previously untreated, locally advanced unresectable or metastatic HER2 positive gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma * HER2-positive defined as either immunohistochemistry (IHC) 3+ or IHC 2+ in combination with in-situ hybridization positive (ISH+) or fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH), as assessed by central review on primary or metastatic tumor * Has measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 as determined by the site investigator * Male participants must agree to use approved contraception * Female participants who are not pregnant or breastfeeding, and who are either not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP), or are a WOCBP who agrees to use approved contraception * Has a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Scale within 3 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment * Has a life expectancy of greater than 6 months * Has adequate organ function

Exclusion criteria

* Has had previous therapy for locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric/GEJ cancer * Has had major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to randomization, or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of study treatment * Has had radiotherapy within 14 days of randomization * Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 5 years * Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis * Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years * Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy * Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis * Has a known history of active tuberculosis (TB; Mycobacterium tuberculosis) * Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy * Has poorly controlled diarrhea * Accumulation of pleural, ascitic, or pericardial fluid requiring drainage or diuretic drugs within 2 weeks prior to enrollment. If the participant is receiving diuretic drugs for other reasons, it is acceptable * Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator * Has peripheral neuropathy \> Grade 1 * Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial * A WOCBP who has a positive urine pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to randomization or treatment allocation * Has active or clinically significant cardiac disease * Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies) * Has a known history of Hepatitis B (defined as Hepatitis B surface antigen \[HBsAg\] reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA \[qualitative\] is detected) infection * Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab, trastuzumab, study chemotherapy agents and/or to any excipients, murine proteins, or platinum-containing products * Has had an allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant * Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 \[CTLA-4\], OX 40, Cluster of Differentiation 137 \[CD137\])

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

738 participants in 2 patient groups

Pembrolizumab +Trastuzumab + Chemotherapy
Experimental group
Description:
Participants receive 200 mg pembrolizumab IV every 3 weeks (Q3W) plus trastuzumab (8 mg/kg loading dose, 6 mg/kg maintenance thereafter) IV Q3W in combination with FP or CAPOX chemotherapy (Global Cohort) or SOX chemotherapy (Japan cohort).
Treatment:
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Capecitabine
Drug: S-1
Drug: 5-FU
Biological: Trastuzumab
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Drug: Cisplatin
Placebo +Trastuzumab + Chemotherapy
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants receive matched placebo to pembrolizumab IV Q3W plus trastuzumab (8mg/kg loading dose, 6mg/kg maintenance thereafter) IV Q3W in combination with FP or CAPOX chemotherapy (Global Cohort) or SOX chemotherapy (Japan cohort).
Treatment:
Drug: Capecitabine
Drug: S-1
Drug: 5-FU
Biological: Trastuzumab
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Drug: Cisplatin
Biological: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

192

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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