Perioperative Blood Pressure Screening to Improve Long-term Cardiovascular Health

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Yale University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Blood Pressure

Treatments

Device: High Blood Pressure Monitor
Procedure: Usual Care

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03634813
2000023093

Details and patient eligibility

About

To explore in a pilot randomized clinical trial, the impact of Home Blood Pressure Monitoring with patient directed information as compared to usual care on the postoperative management of blood pressure.

Full description

The intervention and control groups will be defined by, 1) preoperative home blood pressure monitoring with a detailed report sent to the patient, and 2) usual standard of care including a suggestion during the pre-operative clinic appointment to follow up with Primary Care. Both groups will receive a brief questionnaire about their blood pressure treatment and medication adherence. We will examine the rate of primary care follow-up and changes in hypertension treatment at 60 days post-operative, through a telephone call. This information, along with information regarding patient acceptance of the intervention will be used to inform the design of a future clinical trial powered to outcomes, including follow-up visits and blood pressure management.

Enrollment

100 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

We propose to recruit patients who present for ambulatory surgery, aged >18 years, with a preoperative blood pressure > 140/90 mmHg taken as the mean of two readings during the pre-admission testing visit.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients who are unable or unwilling to be contacted by telephone, are non-English speaking, or are unable to operate an automated home blood pressure monitor will also be excluded.
  • Healthy patients with blood pressure readings that fall within the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

100 participants in 2 patient groups

High Blood Pressure Monitoring and Counseling
Experimental group
Description:
Enrolled patients will be fitted with a HBPM device and instructed in its use. Patients will be asked to return the HBPM device on the morning of surgery. At the same time they receive the HBPM device, they will also be provided with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) booklet called "Your guide on lowering blood pressure", which has several guidelines regarding diet, exercise and lifestyle changes that can be implemented to improve blood pressure control.
Treatment:
Device: High Blood Pressure Monitor
Usual Care
Active Comparator group
Description:
The usual care group will receive brief counseling after the PAT visit which will review their blood pressure readings taken at the clinic and how they compare with the American Heart Association (AHA) blood pressure guidelines. They will be offered the suggestion that they should follow up with their primary care doctor 2-4 weeks after their surgical episode is completed, or at their earliest convenience.
Treatment:
Procedure: Usual Care

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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