ClinicalTrials.Veeva

Menu

Personalized Patient Derived Xenograft (pPDX) Modeling to Test Drug Response in Matching Host (REFLECT)

University Health Network, Toronto logo

University Health Network, Toronto

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Breast Cancer
Ovarian Neoplasm
Breast Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Ovarian Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Treatments

Other: Molecular Profiling & In Vivo drug testing in pPDX and organoid cultures

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02732860
REFLECT-001

Details and patient eligibility

About

By obtaining clinical specimens from participants with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), colorectal cancer (CRC), high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC), and other select tumor types to establish and profile as freshly implanted tumors in mice, the aim of this study is to identify agents with predicted activity in the host patient while also potentially providing them with personalized cancer treatment options

Full description

Personalized patient-derived xenografts (pPDX) are increasingly used as tools for drug development in pre-clinical settings, and have been shown to recapitulate the histology and behavior of the cancers from which they are derived. Although, they have been commonly used productively as pre-clinical disease models to study disease biology and drug response, they have not been used prospectively to inform clinical management. pPDX have been employed to inform clinical decision-making in small studies, which have shown high concordance between individual pPDX and patient responses to therapy. While encouraging, the role of this approach in breast, colorectal, ovarian, and other cancer populations and in the context of genomic drug matching strategies remains undefined. This has created an opportunity to evaluate the utility of pPDX as clinical predictors to direct the use of chemo- and targeted therapies in combination with comprehensive genomic and epigenetic analysis for patients with TNBC, CRC, HGSOC and other selected tumor types.

Enrollment

120 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Age > 18 years.

  2. Patient diagnosis must be categorized as either (I) OR (II) OR (III) OR (IV):

    (I) Histologically confirmed Triple Negative Breast Cancer by Institutional and American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/Cancer of American Pathologists (CAP) guidelines, either:

    • Stage IV (metastatic) disease that has not been treated with systemic therapy in the metastatic setting or
    • Stage I to III (non-metastatic) with residual mass by clinical exam and/or breast imaging following anthracycline + taxane-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy

    OR

    (II) Histologically-confirmed Stage IV colorectal cancer treated with ≤ 1 line of systemic therapy in the metastatic setting, either:

    • Undergoing surgical resection of liver metastases or
    • With metastatic lesions amenable to biopsy

    OR

    (III) Histologically-confirmed advanced High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer, either:

    • Recurrent disease with a life expectancy of at least 12 months or
    • Stage III or IV with residual disease following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, or at risk of high recurrence

    OR

    (IV) Histologically confirmed solid tumor not meeting criteria for (I), (II) or (III) above, for which evaluation of investigational therapies is of particular interest or where clinical need exists, at the discretion of the PI

  3. Disease amenable to biopsy or surgery for tissue procurement

  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1

  5. Willingness and ability of patient to provide signed voluntary informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Clinically significant hepatic, renal, cardiac or other organ dysfunction likely to limit participation in clinical trials.
  2. Known brain metastasis
  3. Any condition that could interfere with a patient's ability to provide informed consent such as dementia or severe cognitive impairment.
  4. Any contraindication to undergoing a biopsy procedure.

Trial design

120 participants in 4 patient groups

Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Description:
Triple negative breast cancer patients with residual invasive disease following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n= up to 15) or with newly diagnosed metastatic disease (n=up to 30). After the screening procedures confirms patient eligibility: Molecular Profiling will be performed on clinical sample pPDX generation for in vivo drug testing In vitro organoid culture generation (if sufficient fresh tissue available) Identifying an actionable genomic alteration and drug making a matched treatment therapy recommendation.
Treatment:
Other: Molecular Profiling & In Vivo drug testing in pPDX and organoid cultures
Colorectal Cancer
Description:
Colorectal cancer patients with metastatic disease undergoing resection of liver metastases, or with lesions amenable to biopsy (n=up to 15). After the screening procedures confirms patient eligibility: Molecular Profiling will be performed on clinical sample pPDX generation for in vivo drug testing In vitro organoid culture generation (if sufficient fresh tissue available) Identifying an actionable genomic alteration and drug making a matched treatment therapy recommendation.
Treatment:
Other: Molecular Profiling & In Vivo drug testing in pPDX and organoid cultures
High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer
Description:
High grade serous ovarian cancer patients with recurrent disease with a life expectancy of at least 12 months (n=up to 15), or Stage III or IV with residual disease following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, or at risk of high recurrence (n=up to 15). After the screening procedures confirms patient eligibility: Molecular Profiling will be performed on clinical sample pPDX generation for in vivo drug testing In vitro organoid culture generation (if sufficient fresh tissue available) Identifying an actionable genomic alteration and drug making a matched treatment therapy recommendation.
Treatment:
Other: Molecular Profiling & In Vivo drug testing in pPDX and organoid cultures
Other tumor types
Description:
Other selected tumor types at the discretion of the PI (n= up to 30) After the screening procedures confirms patient eligibility: Molecular Profiling will be performed on clinical sample pPDX generation for in vivo drug testing In vitro organoid culture generation (if sufficient fresh tissue available) Identifying an actionable genomic alteration and drug making a matched treatment therapy recommendation.
Treatment:
Other: Molecular Profiling & In Vivo drug testing in pPDX and organoid cultures

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Central trial contact

David Cescon, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems