Pharmacogenetics of Risperidone in Children With Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)

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Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Status and phase

Phase 2
Phase 1


Child Development Disorders, Pervasive


Drug: Risperidone

Study type


Funder types



PPRU 10545s

Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to determine if the known differences in genes influence drug metabolizing enzymes and receptors that are involved in risperidone drug action. The study will determine if differences in these genes will change the concentration of risperidone in the blood over time in children in relation to side effects and clinical response to risperidone.

Full description

To the knowledge of the investigators there are no studies documenting the pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics of risperidone in children with PDD. Currently the PPRU network is conducting a PK study whose aim is to establish a new enantio-selective micro-assay methodology and to generate preliminary population PK data of risperidone and its metabolites in PDD. This study focuses on pharmacogenetic evaluation of PDD patients having little or no effect, those that are unusually sensitive and those experiencing drug toxicity/adverse events at standard risperidone dosages. In this study two 5 ml blood samples will be drawn at a regulary scheduled PK visit. Alternatively pooled waste blood samples or a buccal swab can be obtained.




4 to 21 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male and female patients between the ages of 4 and 21 years.
  • Patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for autistic disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), or Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) and about to initiate clinical treatment or currently clinically treated with risperidone.
  • Patients about to initiate clinical treatment or currently clinically treated with risperidone, or currently on risperidone as a participant in one of the multi-site Research Unit for Pediatric Psychopharmacology (RUPP) protocols.

Exclusion criteria

  • Children taking psychotropic or other medication that will significantly interact with target CYP 450 isoenzyme activity, such to the discretion of the principal investigator (PI).
  • Patients with known renal or hepatic dysfunction (e.g. serum creatinine, and transaminases or bilirubin exceeding age specific upper range limits) are not eligible.
  • Failure of the parent/legal guardian to give informed consent.

Trial contacts and locations



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