Pharmacokinetic Comparisons of Two Donepezil Formulations


Korea University

Status and phase

Phase 1


Alzheimer Disease


Drug: Donepezil, 10 mg tablet
Drug: Donepezil, ODT 10 mg

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


To compare the relative bioavailability and pharmacokinetic characteristics of a newly developed donepezil formulation with a conventional formulation in healthy subjects with a single dose, randomized, open-label, 2-sequence -2period crossover study.

Full description

This single dose, open label, balanced, randomized, two-treatment, two-period, two-sequence, crossover study was conducted to compare the relative bioavailability and pharmacokinetic characteristics of a newly developed formulation with a conventional formulation in healthy subjects. For this, a single-center, randomized, single-dose, open-label, 2-way crossover study with a 21-day washout period was conducted in 22 healthy volunteers. Plasma samples for the analysis of donepezil were collected up to 240 h after drug administration. Participants received either reference or test drug formulation of 10 mg donepezil in the first period and the alternative formulation in the second period. Plasma concentrations of donepezil were determined by validated high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry detection. Pharmacokinetic parameters, including Cmax and AUC, were determined by noncompartmental analysis. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out using log-transformed Cmax and AUC, and the mean ratios and their 90% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. According to regulatory requirements set forth by Korea and the US Food and Drug Administration, products meet the criteria for bioequivalence if the 90% CIs of the mean ratios for Cmax and AUC are within the range of 0.80 to 1.25.


22 patients




20 to 45 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Males age 20 to 45 years
  • Body weight > 45 kg with +/- 20% of ideal body weight
  • Signed and dated informed consent form which meets all criteria of current FDA and KFDA regulations

Exclusion criteria

  • subjects with acute conditions.
  • presence of history affecting ADME
  • Clinically significant history or current evidence of a hepatic, renal, gastrointestinal, or hematologic abnormality
  • Hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV infection revealed on the laboratory findings
  • Any other acute or chronic disease
  • A history of hypersensitivity to donepezil
  • A history of alcohol or drug abuse
  • Participation in another clinical trial within 3 months
  • smoked >10 cigarettes daily
  • consumption over 5 glasses daily of beverages containing xanthine derivatives
  • use of any medication having the potential to affect the study results within 10 days before the start of the study.

Trial design

22 participants in 2 patient groups

Reference arm
Active Comparator group
Treated with Reference (Aricept, 10 mg donepezil tablet)
Drug: Donepezil, 10 mg tablet
Test arm
Experimental group
Treated with Test (Neuropezil, 10 donepezil ODT, orally disintegrating tablet)
Drug: Donepezil, ODT 10 mg

Trial contacts and locations



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