Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Innovative Valganciclovir Versus Generic Valganciclovir

L

Luis Eduardo Morales Buenrostro

Status

Completed

Conditions

Therapeutic Equivalency
Kidney Transplantation
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Pharmacokinetics

Treatments

Drug: Generic Valganciclovir
Drug: Innovative Valganciclovir

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03631316
2260

Details and patient eligibility

About

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common opportunistic viral pathogen in solid organ transplant receptors (SOTR). In Mexico, the experience using generic immunosuppressants have been demonstrated a wide variation in the pharmacokinetic parameters between generic and innovative formulation, resulting in a suboptimal absorption of the drug and reaching infratherapeutic trough levels in blood. In this study the investigators will compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of innovative and generic valganciclovir in renal transplant recipients.

Full description

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common opportunistic viral pathogen in solid organ transplant receptors (SOTR). In the absence of prophylaxis, the frequency of CMV disease in high-risk recipients (R- / D +) is 60% and 20% for intermediate-risk patients (R + / D + or -). For universal prophylaxis, the antivirals most commonly used are valganciclovir (valGCV) and IV ganciclovir. ValGCV, a prodrug of ganciclovir, has a bioavailability of 60%, which represents more than 10 times that those obtained with ganciclovir. Pharmacokinetic studies of Valganciclovir in SOTR have been demonstrated that insufficient doses can diminish its clinical efficacy and the development of viral resistance, while excessive doses can increase its toxicity. The risk of viremia may be associated with ineffective plasma doses, as described by Wiltshire et al., where values of the area under the curve (AUC) between 40 and 50 μg/h/ml were associated with a lower incidence of viremia, while lower AUC values are associated with an increase 8 times more for viral replication rates. As a result, pharmacokinetic studies in SOTR guide the investigators in continuing with the research of their clinical impact. A generic drug before their release to the market needs to show that is bioequivalent with the innovative drug, assuming that it has the same therapeutic effects. The studies for demonstrate bioequivalence are carried out in controlled conditions with healthy participants, different of SOTR characteristics as: age, gender, race, comorbidities and concomitant medication. In addition, the excipients used in generic drug are different from those of the innovative drug, so the properties of the formulation can be modified (particle size or half-life), therefore, the efficacy and drug safety. The primary outcome will be compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of the innovative versus generic formulation of valGCV in renal transplant recipients.

Enrollment

8 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 70 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* Signed consent form for the study * Age between 18 and 70 years * Kidney transplant recipients who are stable during their follow-up * Kidney transplant recipients between day 31 and 90 post-transplant surgery * Kidney transplant recipients under prophylaxis with valganciclovir

Exclusion criteria

* Participants who can not stay 12 hours at the hospital for taking the blood samples. * Participants with an acute rejection event * Participants with active cytomegalovirus disease * Participants with measurements of pharmacokinetic parameters with a single formulation without comparator * Participants that withdraw their informed consent

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

8 participants in 2 patient groups

Generic valganciclovir
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive generic formulation (Pisa) of valganciclovir, 450 mg tablets, total dosage 900 mg daily for 4 days.
Treatment:
Drug: Generic Valganciclovir
Innovative valganciclovir
Active Comparator group
Description:
The same participant will receive innovative drug valcyte (roche), 450 mg tablets, total dosage 900 mg daily during 4 days.
Treatment:
Drug: Innovative Valganciclovir

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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