Pharmacokinetics of Micafungin in Patients Intensive Care Unit (MIMIC)

R

Radboud University Medical Center

Status

Completed

Conditions

Invasive Fungal Infection

Treatments

Drug: micafungin

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01783379
UMCN AKF 12.05

Details and patient eligibility

About

In this trial, our goal is to determine the pharmacokinetics of micafungin in a non-selected cohort of patients with suspected or proven invasive fungal infections. Patients will receive micafungin for the period necessary to achieve clinical and / or mycological cure. An attempt will be made to have 2 PK curves, one full and one limited sampling on days 3 (n=9) and 7 (n=5). Furthermore, we will be able to determine intra-individual variability. On non-PK days, trough samples will be taken to determine the time to steady state. All samples will be taken just prior to the morning dose of micafungin. All infusion rates will be according to the SPC label information. Patients are considered to be evaluable if at least the first PK curve has been completed. Two moments of PK analysis will enable us to determine whether there is an increase over time in exposure if steady state has not been reached.

Full description

Whilst micafungin (Mycamine®) has much to offer, little is known about its pharmacokinetic profile in ICU patients with specific co-morbidities such as obesity, hypoalbumenia, and severe liverfunction disturbances. Also, ICU patients are known to experience changes in pharmacokinetics (PK) due to changes in hemodynamics, extracorporeal elimination techniques, interacting comedication, etc. Based on criteria outlined below, micafungin may prove to be the drug of choice in this cohort of patients. Therefore it seems prudent to conduct a trial in a cohort of patients who receive micafungin but with co-variates that may be of influence to the pharmacokinetic profile. To build a valid pharmacokinetic model, all patients on micafungin will be included in the analysis and used for model building. Co-variates that will be explored are at least: obesitas, liverfunction, albumin, creatinin-clearance. Simulations will be performed to determine if adequate exposure is reached under different patho-physiological conditions. In conclusion: this trial is on determining the PK of micafungin in a non-selected cohort of patients with suspected or proven invasive fungal infections. Most important covariates will be modelled using advanced mathematical techniques. Micafungin may prove to be beneficial over the other two echinocandins in terms of limited factors that impact PK. This has to be proven in a prospective trial.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Patient is admitted to an ICU
  2. Subject is at least 18 years of age on the day of the first dosing
  3. If subject is female: neither pregnant nor able to become pregnant and is not nursing an infant
  4. Subject has been treated with micafungin for a maximum of two days before enrolment in this trial
  5. Is managed with a central venous catheter or an arterial catheter

Exclusion criteria

  1. Is known to be hypersensitive to echinocandin antifungal agents
  2. Documented history of sensitivity to excipients similar to those found in the micafungin preparation
  3. Known of positive HIV test or positive hepatitis B or C test in history
  4. History of or current abuse of drugs, alcohol or solvents
  5. Has previously participated in this trial

Trial design

20 participants in 1 patient group

ICU patient on micafungin
Description:
ICU patients with an invasive fungal infection on micafungin treatment
Treatment:
Drug: micafungin

Trial contacts and locations

4

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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