Phase 2 Study of Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity of Three Dose Levels of ACAM3000 Smallpox Vaccine

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Sanofi

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Smallpox

Treatments

Drug: MVA Smallpox vaccine
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT00466245
H-249-002

Details and patient eligibility

About

A phase 2 study to assess the MVA smallpox vaccine in previously vaccinated and vaccine- naive subjects at three dose levels.

Full description

This study will be a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled out-patient study conducted in multiple centers in the United States (US). Up to 700 healthy male and female adult subjects 18 to 55 years of age (inclusive), who have been previously vaccinated or subjects who are naïve to smallpox vaccine will be enrolled. Subjects will be randomized to 1 of 8 treatment groups with 100 (or 50 placebo) subjects per group in which they will receive either ACAM3000 MVA Smallpox Vaccine (1 of 3 dose levels) or placebo on Study Days 0 and 28. All personnel associated with the trial will be blinded as to treatment, with the exception of the study pharmacist who prepares the treatment for administration to each subject. There are 2 control groups in this study. A comparison of adverse events and other safety assessments between placebo and ACAM3000 MVA Smallpox Vaccine will be performed. In addition to serving as a control for safety, the previously vaccinated subjects receiving placebo will serve as a control for antibody and T-cell responses in persons with preexisting immunity who receive ACAM3000 MVA Smallpox Vaccine. Safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity data for 110 subjects undergoing primary immunization with graded doses of ACAM3000 MVA Smallpox Vaccine will be available following completion of Acambis protocol H-249-001, an ongoing phase I clinical trial. The doses levels in this study may be changed following the availability of results from protocol H-249-001. Statistical analysis will focus on comparisons among the dose levels of ACAM3000 MVA Smallpox Vaccine and comparisons of ACAM3000 MVA Smallpox Vaccine to placebo, as appropriate. A separate analysis will be performed for previously vaccinated and naïve subjects. Descriptive statistics will be used to compare demographic and baseline clinical data between stratum.

Enrollment

590 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 55 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • subjects must be in good general health, checked on toxicity grading table.
  • for previously vaccinated subjects- must be between the ages of 33 and 55 with a previous vaccine more than 10 years ago.
  • for vaccine naive subjects- must be between the ages of 18 and 32, and have never been vaccinated for smallpox.
  • Female subjects must not be pregnant or lactating.

Exclusion criteria

  • Subjects who participated in a "first responder" program.
  • any history of immunodeficiency.
  • any autoimmune disease
  • any history of cardiac disease
  • any diagnosed risk factors for ischemic coronary disease
  • any history of heart palpitations or abnormalities in cardiac rhythm.
  • any current or history of eczema of any description.
  • Known allergy to MVA or any of its components, including eggs or egg products.
  • morbid obesity

Trial design

590 participants in 8 patient groups

A
Experimental group
Description:
Previously vaccinated for smallpox, 1x10-8 dose
Treatment:
Drug: MVA Smallpox vaccine
B
Experimental group
Description:
Smallpox vaccine naive, 1x10-8 dose
Treatment:
Drug: MVA Smallpox vaccine
C
Experimental group
Description:
Previous smallpox vaccination, 1x10-7 dose
Treatment:
Drug: MVA Smallpox vaccine
D
Experimental group
Description:
Smallpox vaccine naive, 1x10-7 dose
Treatment:
Drug: MVA Smallpox vaccine
E
Experimental group
Description:
Previous smallpox vaccination, 1x10-6 dose
Treatment:
Drug: MVA Smallpox vaccine
F
Experimental group
Description:
Smallpox vaccine naive, 1x10-6 dose
Treatment:
Drug: MVA Smallpox vaccine
G
Experimental group
Description:
Previous smallpox vaccination, placebo dose
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
H
Experimental group
Description:
Smallpox vaccine naive, placebo dose
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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