Phase I Study to Assess the Effect of Food on AZD1775 Pharmacokinetics in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumours

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AstraZeneca

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Solid Tumours

Treatments

Drug: Treatment A - AZD1775 administered under fasted conditions
Drug: Treatment B - AZD1775 administered under fed conditions.

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03315091
D6014C00005

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single dose of AZD1775 (printed capsules) in patients with advanced solid tumours.

Full description

This is a Phase I, open-label, randomised, 2-period crossover design study in patients with advanced solid tumours. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single dose of AZD1775 (printed capsules).In addition single dose safety and tolerability data will be gathered. Patients will be screened within 28 days of Day 1 of the first treatment period (Period 1). Patients will take part in 2 randomised treatment sequences each separated by a washout period of at least 5 and no more than 14 days. During Period 1, prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment, each patient will be randomised to 1 of 2 treatment sequences (Fasted-Fed or Fed-Fasted) to receive a single oral dose of 300 mg AZD1775 in each of the 2 treatment periods as follows: Fasted (Treatment A): Single dose 300 mg AZD1775, (3 x 100 mg, printed capsules). Fed (Treatment B): Single dose 300 mg AZD1775, (3 x 100 mg, printed capsules). Pharmacokinetic and safety assessments will be obtained for up to 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period. On completion of the study (ie, after collection of 72-hour PK sample and safety in period 2) patients will be evaluated per current assessments for their eligibility and interest to enrol into the open-label continued treatment access study (D6014C000007).

Enrollment

31 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 99 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

For inclusion in the study patients should fulfil the following criteria:

  • Read and understand the informed consent form (ICF) and given written informed consent prior to any study procedures.
  • Histologically or cytologically documented, locally advanced or metastatic solid tumour, excluding lymphoma, for which standard therapy does not exist or has proven ineffective or intolerable.
  • Any prior palliative radiation must have been completed at least 7 days prior to the start of study treatment, and patients must have recovered from any acute adverse effects prior to the start of study treatment.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) score of 0 to 1.

Baseline laboratory values within 7 days of study treatment initiation:

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/μL.
  • Haemoglobin ≥9 g/dL.
  • Platelets ≥100,000/μL.
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤5 x ULN if known hepatic metastases.
  • Serum bilirubin within normal limits (WNL) or ≤1.5 x ULN in patients with liver metastases; or total bilirubin ≤3.0 x ULN with direct bilirubin WNL in patients with well documented Gilbert's Syndrome.
  • Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN, or measured creatinine clearance (CrCl) calculated by Cockcroft-Gault method ≥45 mL/min (confirmation of creatinine clearance is only required when creatinine is >1.5 x ULN) CrCl (glomerular filtration rate) = (140-age) x (weight/kg) x Fa (72 x serum creatinine mg/dL)

where F = 0.85 for females and F = 1 for males

  • Female patients who are not of childbearing potential and fertile females of childbearing potential who agree to use adequate contraceptive measures that are in during screening (or consent), for the duration of the study, and for 1 month after treatment stops, and who are not breastfeeding, and who have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test prior to the start of study treatment.
  • Male patients should be willing to use barrier contraception (ie, condoms) for the duration of the study and for 3 months after study treatment discontinuation
  • Female or male patients ≥18 years.
  • Patient should be able to adequately consume a high-fat meal as prescribed in Treatment B.
  • Willingness and ability to comply with the study and the follow-up procedures.

For inclusion in the optional genetic component of the study for all the patients:

  • Provision of informed consent for genetic research. If a patient declines to participate in the genetic component of the study, there will be no penalty or loss of benefit to the patient. The patient will not be excluded from other aspects of the study described in the CSP, as long as all the eligibility criteria are met.

Exclusion criteria

Patients should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled:

  • Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca personnel and/or personnel at the study centre).
  • Previous enrolment or randomisation and received study treatment in the present study. Patients can, however, be re-screened if the reason for the screen failure no longer exists.
  • Known malignant central nervous system (CNS) disease other than neurologically stable, treated brain metastases - defined as metastasis having no evidence of progression or haemorrhage for at least 2 weeks after treatment (including brain radiotherapy). Must be off any systemic corticosteroids for the treatment of brain metastases for at least 14 days prior to enrolment.
  • Use of any anti-cancer treatment drug ≤21 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first administration of AZD1775. For drugs for which 5 half lives is ≤21 days, a minimum of 10 days between termination of the prior treatment and administration of AZD1775 treatment is required.
  • No other anticancer-therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal anti-cancer therapy, radiotherapy [except for palliative local radiotherapy]), biological therapy or other novel agent is to be permitted while patient is receiving study treatment. Patients on LHRH analogue treatment for more than 6 months are allowed entry into the study and may continue at the discretion of the Investigator.
  • Patients suffering from conditions which are likely to adversely affect gastrointestinal motility and/or transit (for example, diarrhoea, vomiting or nausea, gastroparesis, irritable bowel syndrome and malabsorption) or patients with gastrointestinal resection (eg, partial or total gastrectomy) likely to interfere with absorption of study treatment.
  • Major surgical procedures ≤28 days of beginning study treatment, or minor surgical procedures ≤7 days. No waiting period required following port-a-cath placement or other central venous access placement.
  • Grade >1 toxicities from prior therapy, according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), excluding alopecia or anorexia.
  • Patient has an inability to swallow oral medications. Note: Patient may not have a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube or be receiving total parenteral nutrition.
  • Patients who are not non-smokers or light smokers (no more than 5 cigarettes per day) and who cannot abstain from smoking from 2 weeks prior to the first administration of AZD1775 until after the last PK sample collection in Period 2.
  • Any intake of grapefruit, grapefruit juice, Seville oranges, Seville orange marmalade, or other products containing grapefruit or Seville oranges within 7 days of the first administration of AZD1775.
  • Patient has had prescription or non-prescription drugs or other products known to be sensitive to cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 substrates or CYP3A4 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index, or to be moderate to strong inhibitors/inducers of CYP3A4 which cannot be discontinued 2 weeks prior to Day 1 of dosing and withheld throughout the study until 2 weeks after the last administration of AZD1775. Co administration of aprepitant or fosaprepitant during this study is prohibited
  • Patient has had adjustments to prescription or non-prescription drugs or other products known to be weak inhibitors and/or inducers of CYP3A4 within 1 week prior to the first administration of AZD1775.
  • Herbal preparations taken within 7 days of study entry. However, in the case of St John's wort, patients cannot have taken this herbal preparation 21 days prior to first administration of AZD1775.
  • Patients who have taken any proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole, lansoprazole, esomeprazole, pantoprazole, etc) within 7 days of first administration of AZD1775.
  • Patients who are dependent on a medication which could adversely affect gastrointestinal motility or transit (for example: diphenoxylate, [loperamide], metoclopramide, cisapride, tegaserod, erythromycin). Note that use of loperamide is permitted during the study for treatment of diarrhoea Narcotics that are not in the list of prohibited medications are allowed.
  • Patients who cannot withhold antacids for 6 hours or H2-antagonists (cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine, nizatidine) for 48 hours.
  • Patients unable to fast for up to 14 hours.
  • Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
  • Any known hypersensitivity or contraindication to AZD1775 or to the components thereof.
  • Any of the following cardiac diseases currently or within the last 6 months as defined by the New York Heart Association ≥ Class 2.
  • Unstable angina pectoris.
  • Congestive heart failure.
  • Acute myocardial infarction.
  • Conduction abnormality not controlled with pacemaker or medication.
  • Significant ventricular or supraventricular arrhythmias (patients with chronic rate controlled atrial fibrillation in the absence of other cardiac abnormalities are eligible).
  • AZD1775 should not be given to patients who have a history of Torsades de pointes unless all risk factors that contributed to Torsades have been corrected. AZD1775 has not been studied in patients with ventricular arrhythmias or recent myocardial infarction.
  • Patients with QT interval (specifically QTc calculated using the Fridericia formula [QTcF] >450 ms/male and >470 ms/female) obtained from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) 2 to 5 minutes apart at study entry, or congenital long QT syndrome.
  • Pregnant or lactating female patients.
  • Serious, symptomatic active infection at the time of study entry, or another serious underlying medical condition that would impair the ability of the patient to receive study treatment.
  • Active infection with hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Any of the following is regarded as a criterion for exclusion from the optional pharmacogenetic part of the study:

  • Previous bone marrow transplant.
  • Non-leukocyte depleted blood product within 120 days of the genetic sample collection.

Trial design

31 participants in 2 patient groups

Treatment sequence 1 (Fasted-Fed)
Experimental group
Description:
To assess the PK of AZD1775 following oral dosing of the capsule formulation in patients with advanced solid tumours in either a fed or fasted condition.
Treatment:
Drug: Treatment B - AZD1775 administered under fed conditions.
Drug: Treatment A - AZD1775 administered under fasted conditions
Treatment sequence 2 (Fed-Fasted)
Experimental group
Description:
To assess the PK of AZD1775 following oral dosing of the capsule formulation in patients with advanced solid tumours in either a fed or fasted condition.
Treatment:
Drug: Treatment B - AZD1775 administered under fed conditions.
Drug: Treatment A - AZD1775 administered under fasted conditions

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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