Phase I Trial of mBACOD and Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) in AIDS-Associated Large Cell, Immunoblastic, and Small Non-cleaved Lymphoma

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) logo

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

HIV Infections
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin

Treatments

Drug: Cytarabine
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Leucovorin calcium
Drug: Methotrexate
Drug: Doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: Bleomycin sulfate
Drug: Sargramostim
Drug: Vincristine sulfate
Drug: Dexamethasone

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00000689
11048 (Registry Identifier)
ACTG 074

Details and patient eligibility

About

To determine the toxicity and effectiveness of adding sargramostim (recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor; GM-CSF) to a standard chemotherapy drug combination (methotrexate, bleomycin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and dexamethasone) known as mBACOD in the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in patients who are infected with HIV. Treatment of patients with AIDS-associated lymphoma is achieving inferior results when compared with outcomes for non-AIDS patients. Treatment with mBACOD has been promising, but the toxicity is very high. Patients treated with mBACOD have very low white blood cell counts. GM-CSF has increased the number of white blood cells in animal studies and preliminary human studies. It is hoped that including GM-CSF among the drugs given to lymphoma patients will prevent or lessen the decrease in white blood cells caused by mBACOD.

Full description

Treatment of patients with AIDS-associated lymphoma is achieving inferior results when compared with outcomes for non-AIDS patients. Treatment with mBACOD has been promising, but the toxicity is very high. Patients treated with mBACOD have very low white blood cell counts. GM-CSF has increased the number of white blood cells in animal studies and preliminary human studies. It is hoped that including GM-CSF among the drugs given to lymphoma patients will prevent or lessen the decrease in white blood cells caused by mBACOD. Patients admitted to the study receive chemotherapy in 21-day cycles. The length of therapy, 2 - 8 months, depends on how the tumor responds to treatment. Four medicines are given on day 1 of each cycle by vein (IV) (doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, bleomycin, vincristine). Dosages of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide are increased in later groups of patients if toxicity in the first group is tolerable. A fifth medicine (dexamethasone) is given by mouth (PO) on days 1 - 5 of each cycle and the sixth medicine (methotrexate) is given IV on day 15 of each cycle. Leucovorin is given after methotrexate to prevent methotrexate side effects. GM-CSF treatment is started on day 3 and continued for 11 days. To prevent the spread of the tumor, a spinal tap is done on 4 occasions to inject cytosine arabinoside directly into the spinal fluid. If tumor cells are present in the spinal fluid, the patient also takes cytosine arabinoside by spinal tap 3 x/week until the tumor cells disappear and then at monthly intervals for 1 year. Patients with tumor cells in the spinal fluid are also given radiation treatment to the head.

Sex

All

Ages

13+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Positive HIV antibody by ELISA with Western blot confirmation, or positive HIV culture or serum p24 antigen capture assay, or prior diagnosis of AIDS by the CDC surveillance criteria.
  • Pathological diagnosis of large cell (cleaved or non-cleaved), immunoblastic, or small non-cleaved lymphoma, stage I, II, III, or IV.
  • If displaying systemic ("B") symptoms, evaluation for concurrent opportunistic infections as follows:
  • Buffy coat for Mycobacterium intracellulare-avium (MAI) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) cultures; serum cryptococcal antigen; some measure of pulmonary function to exclude Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia including chest x-ray and either gallium scan, blood gases, or DLCO; stool culture and special stains for Salmonella, Isospora belli, cryptosporidium, CMV, and MAI in patients with diarrhea; computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain, or lumbar puncture for India ink, acid-fast bacilli smear, cryptococcal antigen, or fungal/mycobacterial culture.

Bone marrow involvement is permitted if the patient meets the hematologic criteria above.

Patients who have central nervous system (CNS) involvement at diagnosis or who are diagnosed during treatment will receive cranial radiotherapy:

  • The total dose of 2400 rads will be delivered at a rate of 200 rads/day to the mid plane employing parallel opposing, lateral whole brain fields. The lower border of the field will encompass C2 to cover the meninges.
  • Patients will be treated 5 days/week, Monday through Friday, until the total prescribed dose has been completed.
  • Radiation will begin as soon as possible after documentation of lymphomatous disease in the CNS. If a second course of treatment is required, the 2400 rads is well within whole brain tolerance for normal tissues (4500-5000 rads).

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Acute bacterial or opportunistic infection.
  • Second primary cancer other than Kaposi's sarcoma, non-melanoma skin cancer, or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix.
  • Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Patients receiving prophylactic or maintenance therapy for bacterial or opportunistic infections, with the exception of those receiving Fansidar (sulfadoxine / pyrimethamine) for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia prophylaxis.
  • Antiretroviral agents.
  • Immunomodulators.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Acute bacterial or opportunistic infection.
  • Second primary cancer other than Kaposi's sarcoma, non-melanoma skin cancer, or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix.
  • Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Prior therapy for lymphoma.
  • Excluded within 1 week of study entry:
  • Antiretroviral agents and immunomodulators.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Prior therapy for lymphoma.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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