Phase III Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study of AZD7442 for Pre-exposure Prophylaxis of COVID-19 in Adult. (PROVENT)

AstraZeneca logo

AstraZeneca

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

COVID-19

Treatments

Drug: AZD7442
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT04625725
2020-004356-16 (EudraCT Number)
D8850C00002

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study will assess the safety and efficacy of a single dose of AZD7442(× 2 IM injections) compared to placebo for the prevention of COVID-19.

Full description

SARS-CoV-2 is the causative agent of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic that, as of 29 September 2020, has resulted in a high death toll to date. Unlike the majority of coronaviruses that cause mild disease in humans and animals, SARS-CoV-2 can replicate in the lower respiratory tract to cause acute respiratory distress syndrome and fatal pneumonia. Effective interventions to prevent or treat COVID-19 remain limited in number and clinical experience is limited. Clinical management is limited to supportive care, consequently overwhelming resources of healthcare systems around the world. As a response to the ongoing pandemic, AstraZeneca is developing mAbs to the SARS-CoV-2 S protein. The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein contains the virus's RBD, which enables the virus to bind to receptors on human cells. By targeting this region of the virus's spike protein, antibodies can block the virus's attachment to human cells, and, therefore, is expected to block infection. Amino acid substitutions have been introduced into the antibodies to both extend their half-lives, which should prolong their potential prophylactic benefit, and decrease Fc effector function in order to decrease the potential risk of antibody-dependent enhancement of disease. AZD7442, a combination of 2 of these mAbs (AZD8895 and AZD1061), is being evaluated for administration to prevent and/or treat COVID-19. There is currently one completed and 2 ongoing Phase I studies with AZD7442. -The Provent repeat dose open-label sub-study is initiated to assess the safety, PK and immunogenicity of repeat doses of AZD7442 in participants currently enrolled in the Provent study who may benefit from repeat dose of AZD7442.

Enrollment

5,197 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 120 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • ≥ 18 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent
  • Can benefit from passive immunization with antibodies
  • Medically stable
  • Negative result from point of care SARS-CoV-2 serology testing at screening
  • Contraceptive used by women of child bearing potential, condom used by men
  • Able to understand and comply with study requirements/procedures based on the assessment of the investigator

Sub-study Inclusion criteria which are additional to those in parent study are as follows:

The participant has been randomized, dosed, and is ongoing in the PROVENT parent study and is 12±2 months post first dose of blinded IMP.

If one or more of the following apply:

  • Immunocompromised and/or may be at increased risk for an inadequate immune response to a COVID-19 vaccine.
  • In the opinion of the Investigator, are at increased risk and would benefit from a repeat dose of AZD7442.
  • Documented negative SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test collected ≤ 3 days prior to sub-study Day 1 or a negative rapid SARS-CoV-2 antigen test at screening.

Exclusion criteria

  • Significant infection or other acute illness, including fever >100°F (>37.8°C) on the day prior to or day of randomization.
  • History of laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection or any positive SARS-CoV-2 result based on available data at screening.
  • History of infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
  • Known history of allergy or reaction to any component of the study drug formulation.
  • Previous hypersensitivity, infusion-related reaction, or severe adverse reaction following administration of a mAb.
  • Any prior receipt of investigational or licensed vaccine or other mAb/biologic indicated for the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19 or expected receipt during the period of study follow-up.
  • Bleeding disorder or prior history of significant bleeding or bruising following IM injections or venepuncture.
  • Any other significant disease, disorder, or finding. that may significantly increase the risk to the participant because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the participant to participate in the study, or impair interpretation of the study data.
  • Receipt of any IMP in the preceding 90 days or expected receipt of IMP during the period of study follow-up, or concurrent participation in another interventional study
  • Currently pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Blood drawn in excess of a total of 450 mL (1 unit) for any reason within 30 days prior to randomization.
  • Employees of the Sponsor involved in planning, executing, supervising, or reviewing the AZD7442 program,, clinical study site staff, or any other individuals involved with the conduct of the study, or immediate family members of such individuals.
  • In nations, states, or other jurisdictions that for legal or ethical reasons bar the enrollment of participants who lack capacity to provide their own informed consent, such subjects are excluded.

Sub-study Exclusion criteria are as follows:

  • Patient have received a COVID-19 vaccination ≤ 14 days before sub-study Day1 or plan to receive a COVID-19 vaccination ≤ 14 days after sub-study Day1. (Such participants can subsequently be included in the study once they have reached >14 days after their last dose of vaccine).
  • Patient have two or more untreated cardiac risk factors or suspected unstable cardiac disease.
  • Judgment by the Investigator that the participant should not participate in the study if the participant is unlikely to comply with study procedures, restrictions, and requirements.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

5,197 participants in 5 patient groups, including a placebo group

AZD7442
Experimental group
Description:
Approximately 5150 participants will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio • Arm 1 (n=approximately 3433) will receive a single dose (× 2IM injections) of 300 mg of AZD7442
Treatment:
Drug: AZD7442
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Approximately 5150 participants will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio • Arm 2 (n=approximately 1717) will receive saline placebo
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Sub-study AZD7442 Arm 1
Experimental group
Description:
Approximately 500 participants will receive AZD7442 in the repeat dose sub-study. -Sub-study Arm 1 (~ 12 month repeat dose interval): Participants who received AZD7442 300 mg IM on Day 1 of the parent study will receive a second dose of AZD7442 300mg IM on sub-study Day 1.
Treatment:
Drug: AZD7442
Sub-study AZD7442 Arm 2
Experimental group
Description:
Approximately 500 participants will receive AZD7442 in the repeat dose sub-study. -Sub-study Arm 2(~ 6 month repeat dose interval): Participants who received placebo on Day 1 of the parent study will receive their first dose of AZD7442 300mg IM on sub-study Day1 followed by a second dose on sub-study Day 183.
Treatment:
Drug: AZD7442
Sub-study AZD7442 Arm 3
Experimental group
Description:
A subset of Arm 1 and Arm 2 participants who will receive additional doses of AZD7442, 600mg, at Day 183 and Day 366 of the sub-study.
Treatment:
Drug: AZD7442

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

86

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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