Photobiomodulation on the Salivary Glands of Patients With Xerostomia Induced by the Use of Benzodiazepines


University of Nove de Julho

Status and phase

Phase 2
Phase 1




Radiation: Photobiomodulation
Radiation: Simulation of Photobiomodulation

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Depression is the most common mental illness and antidepressants are in the first line of treatment of depressed patients. This therapeutic class is inevitably associated with side effects and adverse reactions, xerostomia being a symptom that seems to be transverse to them all. Saliva performs multiple functions and plays a vital role in protecting the health of the soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Reductions in salivary flow are most often manifested as dry mouth, and this is the subjective complaint called xerostomia. Although xerostomia is the most frequent indication of reduced salivary production, it is not invariably associated with hyposalivation. The user of antidepressant drugs has a number of important systemic and oral complications. Treatment for salivary changes remains unknown, but low-level laser therapy has been shown to be effective in improving salivary flow in patients with xerostomia due to diabetes, Sjogren's syndrome, chemotherapy and radiotherapy for head, neck and lung cancer. This randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate oral symptoms related to salivary gland function and mucosal condition of depressed patients, as well as the effects of photobiomodulation on salivary flow. Sixty patients will be included in the protocol, after signing the Informed Consent Form. They will undergo anamnesis, physical evaluation and oral health self-perception questionnaires and symptoms related to salivary gland function and then will be divided into two groups: Photobiomodulation (PBM) (n=30); will have their larger salivary glands irradiated with Diode laser (808nm, 4J per point, 40s) and placebo (PCB) (n=30), which will be subjected to a simulation, where the application protocol will be repeated, but with the laser off. Previous and post treatment sialometries will be performed to compare saliva volume. Biochemical analysis, in which total protein and calcium will be measured, will also be performed.


60 estimated patients




18 to 70 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Participants in good general health, but who have depression with regular use of benzodiazepines;
  • Complaints of xerostomia or hyposalivation;
  • Over 18 years of age;
  • Be able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Form.

Exclusion criteria

  • Participants who present current acute systemic infectious conditions;
  • Chronic kidney disease;
  • Diabetics;
  • Participants with a history of mental disorders other than depression and anxiety;
  • Participants without conditions for dental treatment in the month of referral to the dental service;
  • Hemodynamic instability;
  • Signs and symptoms related to the cardiovascular systems;
  • Acute systemic infectious processes;
  • Acute cardiovascular disease;
  • Those with any type of photosensitivity;
  • Neoplasms in the region of glands;
  • Under 18 years of age;
  • Pregnant or lactating women;
  • Participants with xerostomia not induced by anxiolytics.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

60 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Photobiomodulation group
Active Comparator group
Participants in this group will have their larger salivary glands irradiated with diode laser.
Radiation: Photobiomodulation
Placebo group
Placebo Comparator group
Participants in this group will be subjected to a simulation, where the application protocol will be repeated, but with the laser turned off.
Radiation: Simulation of Photobiomodulation

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Sandra K Bussadori, PhD

Data sourced from

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