Pilot Randomized Trial With Flecainide in ARVC Patients

W

Wojciech Zareba

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy

Treatments

Drug: Flecainide Pill
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03685149
HL143372-01

Details and patient eligibility

About

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited arrhythmia disorder with high risk of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, and implantable cardioverter defibrillator remains as therapy of choice. Antiarrhythmic therapy with different agents including beta-blockers, sotalol and amiodarone are usually not effective in reducing risk of arrhythmic events. Recent data indicated that flecainide effectively prevented the arrhythmias observed in the experimental ARVC animals and in small series of ARVC patients. These observations provide a strong rationale for conducting a pilot randomized clinical trial to determine whether flecainide will reduce ventricular arrhythmias in high-risk ARVC patients. This pilot study is designed as randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled crossover trial with administration of 100 mg of Flecainide or matching placebo twice a day for 4 weeks each with a washout period. Primary specific aim of this pilot trial is to determine whether Flecainide administration is associated with a significant reduction of number of ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) in ARVC patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).

Full description

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited arrhythmia disorder with high risk of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, and implantable cardioverter defibrillator remains as therapy of choice. Antiarrhythmic therapy with different agents including beta-blockers, sotalol and amiodarone are usually not effective in reducing risk of arrhythmic events. Recent data indicated that flecainide effectively prevented the arrhythmias observed in the experimental ARVC animals and in small series of ARVC patients. These observations provide a strong rationale for conducting a pilot randomized clinical trial to determine whether flecainide will reduce ventricular arrhythmias in high-risk ARVC patients. This pilot study is designed as randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled crossover trial with administration of 100 mg of Flecainide or matching placebo twice a day for 4 weeks each with a washout period. Primary specific aim of this pilot trial is to determine whether Flecainide administration is associated with a significant reduction of number of ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) in ARVC patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Secondary specific aims are: to assess safety of flecainide administration with particular emphasis on proarrhythmic response measured by: VPBs on ECG monitoring, nonsustained and sustained VT/VF episodes documented on ICD interrogation, and effects of Flecainide on QRS morphology and duration. to assess effects of flecainide on burden of VT runs in 7-day ECG recordings. to assess effects of flecainide on burden of atrial premature beats in 7-day recordings. to demonstrate feasibility of enrollment of rare inherited arrhythmia ARVC patients in a randomized study in the light of planned future large clinical trial with VT/VF/death as endpoint. Study population will include 38 ARVC patients diagnosed with the 2010 ARVC Task Force Criteria who are at least 18 years old, have implanted ICD, and show at least 500 VPBs in a 24-hour Holter recording. Patients on other pharmacological antiarrhythmic treatment other than beta-blockers and patients with prior catheter VT ablation will be excluded.

Enrollment

23 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age > 18 years.
  • Subjects who have been diagnosed with ARVC and meet 2010 Modified Task Force Criteria for ARVC as affected.
  • At minimum 500 VPBs on the most recent 24-hour Holter monitor recording prior to consent or after consent if a subsequent recording is required after 5 day washout following discontinuation of anti-arrhythmic medication.
  • Functioning implanted cardioverter defibrillator with remote interrogation capability.
  • Subjects should be on a beta-blocker including metoprolol, propranolol, atenolol, nadolol, carvedilol or bisoprolol unless contraindication to beta-blockers exists.
  • Persons prescribed quinidine, procainamide, propafenone, disopyramide, dronedarone phenytoin, mexilitene, flecainide, may be included after 5 day washout period with subsequent 24 Hour Holter obtained after washout period.
  • Persons prescribed sotalol must be included after 5 day washout period during which another beta-blocker may be administered with subsequent 24 Hour Holter obtained.
  • Subject and personal physician and or cardiologist must agree not to use any antiarrhythmic medications during the 10 weeks of participation, unless needed for management of life-threatening arrhythmias.
  • All subjects must agree to use medically acceptable contraceptive measures during participation unless documented as surgically sterile or post-menopausal (no menstrual periods for more than one year).

Exclusion criteria

  • Prescribed amiodarone or dofetilide at the time of consent.
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% by any imaging modality: echocardiography, angiography, CMRI, or cardiac nuclear test on the most recent test.
  • NYHA heart failure class III or IV at time of consent.
  • Prior myocardial infarction at any time in the past.
  • Pacemaker dependent rhythm at the time of consent.
  • Renal impairment (GFR <30 mL/min/m2).
  • Prior diagnosis of severe hepatic impairment.
  • Pregnant or plan to become pregnant during the course of the trial (Flecainide has not been adequately studied in pregnant women). Pregnancy test is required for women of child-bearing potential prior to randomization.
  • Participating in any other interventional clinical trial.
  • Unwilling or unable to cooperate with the protocol.
  • Lives at such a distance from the clinic that travel for the consent visit would be unusually difficult.
  • Decisionally impaired adults, those of questionable capacity, those who cannot manage taking the study drug per the prescribed regimen, and those who cannot consent for themselves will not be recruited for this study.
  • Unwilling to sign the consent for participation.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

23 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Flecainide
Active Comparator group
Description:
The same subjects will be treated in a random order with flecainide or placebo for 4 weeks each with 1 week washout between crossover periods.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Flecainide Pill
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
The same subjects will be treated in a random order with flecainide or placebo for 4 weeks each with 1 week washout between crossover periods.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Flecainide Pill

Trial contacts and locations

6

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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