Pilot Study of IFN α2b for Melanoma Patients

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University of Pittsburgh

Status and phase

Terminated
Early Phase 1

Conditions

Melanoma

Treatments

Drug: PEG- IFNα2b
Drug: IFNα2b

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT00871533
08-067

Details and patient eligibility

About

The presence of malignant cells in lymph nodes is a critical parameter in the staging of melanoma cancer patients. Assessment of lymph nodes is currently done by histopathology alone. The long-term survival of melanoma cancer patients who have Stage IB disease (no known lymph node involvement with a tumor greater than 2 cm) is lower than patients who are Stage IA (no known lymph node involvement with a tumor less than 2 cm). Likewise, the survival rates of patients who are judged to be Stage II based on histologically positive level-one lymph nodes is often no better than that of higher stage patients who have level-two lymph node involvement. These observations suggest that micrometastases are often present in lymph nodes that are not detectable by histological assessment. The collection of Sentinel Lymph Nodes (SLN) and non SLN material outlined in this proposal will permit both targeted and exploratory studies, without compromising the patient's diagnosis, on specimens that represent central engines of the immune response and whose function in the context of tumor progression is largely unknown. With the advent of an array of new methodologies that utilize minimum material for both molecular and cellular assessments, acquiring up to 20% and in general the investigators anticipate the use of 5% on average of SLN and/or non SLN tissue for research purposes, may prove to be critical to understanding the impact of nodal tumor involvement on patient outcome and survival.

Enrollment

50 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Primary melanoma with the following Breslow thickness and stage

    • less than or equal to 2 mm
    • Patients with recent (within 12 wks) biopsy of primary melanoma that has not been widely resected will be eligible for study according to the above-specified criteria for tumor thickness and stage.
  • Age 18 years or older.

  • Patients must have documented hemoglobin level of 10g/dL or higher and normal organ function tests including BUN, Creatinine, and liver enzyme panel to include AST, ALT, and Bilirubin. This can be drawn on the day of consent, or be documented from a previous visit within the past 30 days

  • Negative serum pregnancy test

  • Subjects must have provided written, informed consent prior to any study procedures: collection of blood and LN tissue specimens for this protocol.

Exclusion criteria

  • Serious illnesses, such as: cardiovascular disease (uncontrolled congestive heart failure, hypertension, cardiac ischemia, myocardial infarction, severe cardiac arrhythmia), bleeding disorders, autoimmune diseases, severe obstructive or restrictive pulmonary diseases, active systemic infections, inflammatory bowel disorders, severe renal disease.
  • Any significant psychiatric disease, medical intervention, or other condition, which in the opinion of the Principal Investigator or Co-Investigators, could prevent adequate informed consent or compromise participation in the clinical trial.
  • Active infection or antibiotics within one-week prior to study.
  • Systemic steroid or other immunosuppressive therapy administered for more than 10 days within 4 weeks of enrollment.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

50 participants in 5 patient groups

1
Experimental group
Description:
REGIONAL PEG IFN MAINTENANCE: Regional PEG IFN-a2b given subcutaneously at "MAINTENANCE" dose level. (This arm has completed enrollment; non-evaluable subjects as defined in section 9.5 may be replaced at any point during study.
Treatment:
Drug: IFNα2b
2
Experimental group
Description:
No intervention / no injection control.
Treatment:
Drug: IFNα2b
3
Experimental group
Description:
PEG IFN INDUCTION: System PEG IFN-a2b given subcutaneously at "INDUCTION" dose level
Treatment:
Drug: PEG- IFNα2b
4
Experimental group
Description:
REGIONAL HDI MAINTENANCE: Regional HDI given subcutaneously at "MAINTENANCE" dose level per standard HDI regimen
Treatment:
Drug: PEG- IFNα2b
5
No Intervention group
Description:
HDI Induction: Systemic HDI given intravenously at "INDUCTION" dose level per the standard HDI regimen.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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