Platelet Reactivity After CABG

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University of Vermont

Status

Completed

Conditions

Acute Coronary Syndrome

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01793597
ISSBRIL0095

Details and patient eligibility

About

Patients who have a heart attack are regularly treated with either clopidogrel or ticagrelor. In a large clinical trial, treatment with ticagrelor before coronary bypass surgery (CABG) was associated with a lower risk of death than treatment with clopidogrel. The reason for this difference cannot be explained on the basis of the study. One possible explanation is that the reversible binding of ticagrelor is advantageous because when new platelets are released, they are inhibited by the drug. Because clopidogrel binds irreversibly it cannot redistribute. The investigators will recruit patients who are scheduled for surgery after an acute coronary syndrome who have been treated with either ticagrelor or clopidogrel. After the patient provides informed consent, the investigators will review their medical record,record information and on the day after surgery the investigators will take one sample of blood. That blood will be analyzed for evidence of platelet activation (platelet microparticles, and platelet-leukocyte aggregates), the reactivity of young platelets, and the concentration of inflammatory cytokines. The investigators hypothesize that the evidence of platelet activation (platelet microparticles and platelet-leukocyte aggregates) and the reactivity of young platelets will be less in patients who have been treated previously with ticagrelor.

Enrollment

18 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Acute coronary syndrome, CABG, within 48 hours of last dose of clopidogrel or ticagrelor, treatment with aspirin

Exclusion criteria

  • Treatment with an antiplatelet agent other than aspirin, clopidogrel, or ticagrelor, Acute or chronic hematologic disorder including a preoperative Hgb less than 10 g/dl or platelet count less than 100,000/mm3, Moderate or severe renal insufficiency (glomerular filtration rate less than 60 ml/min), Active infection, Active malignancy, Unable/unwilling to provide informed consent

Trial design

18 participants in 2 patient groups

clopidogrel
Description:
previous treatment with clopidogrel
ticagrelor
Description:
previous treatment with ticagrelor

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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