Platelet Rich Plasma on Rotator Cuff Repair (PRP)

U

University of Sao Paulo

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Rotator Cuff Tears

Treatments

Other: Platelet rich plasma

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01029574
0292/08

Details and patient eligibility

About

Repair of the rotator cuff has high rates of re-rupture (20-54%), despite good clinical results. Several ways to improve the healing tendon-bone are currently studied, among them the most used is the use of growth factors. The platelet-rich plasma is a source of several growth factors, and is already used in various orthopedic procedures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma in improve tendon-bone healing in arthroscopic rotator cuff repairs.

Full description

Rotator cuff repair(RCR) is a procedure widely performed in the shoulder surgery, given the high prevalence of this type of injury in the population. Regardless of the approach employed, the procedure consists of the rehabilitation of the rotator cuff to his bed. Despite the clinical results are highly satisfactory (success rate around 85%), studies using ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a rate of re-rupture after surgery 20 to 54%. These levels of re-injury suggest a sub-optimal healing in the bone-tendon interface. Attempts to improve the healing in place of the RMR has been extensively studied in the orthopedic literature. One is the use of growth factors (GF), cytokines play an important role in chemotaxis, cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as the synthesis of extracellular matrix, and that theoretically could have beneficial role in tissue repair. The Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) is one of the most studied sources of GF. It is easy to prepare and non-immunogenic (is done with the patient's own blood), and has the further advantage of the presence of several FC (including PDGF, bFGF, TGF-B, VEGF, EGF, CTGF and IGF). This fact is important because the disease have different effects on different receivers during the various stages of healing. The use of PRP in bone healing has been evaluated in several studies with conflicting results. There are preclinical studies demonstrating the beneficial effect of PRP on tendon and ligament repair. However, there is no published papers showing the effectiveness of the use of PRP on tendon-bone interface. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of PRP in enhancing the healing tendon-bone repair after injury of RC. Will be operated patients with complete injury (full thickness) of the rotator cuff, divided into two groups randomly. The use of PRP or not will be decided by sealed envelopes, with 20 individuals in each group. The subjects will be assessed pre and postoperatively according to the criteria for the Constant and UCLA and with the help of MRI, being unknown to the evaluators to which group the patient belongs.

Enrollment

54 patients

Sex

All

Ages

30 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Pain or functional deficit in the shoulder to justify surgical intervention;
  • Complete lesion(full thickness) of the supraspinatus tendon resulting from trauma or degenerative confirmed by MRI;
  • Patients skeletally mature, regardless of sex;
  • Signing the consent form.

Exclusion criteria

  • Psychiatric disorders;
  • Vascular-nerve lesions affecting the upper limb;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Immature skeleton;
  • Comorbidities unmatched clinically;
  • Osteoarthritis of the acromioclavicular joint symptomatic requiring surgical intervention;
  • Glenohumeral arthrosis grades 2, 3 and 4 Samilson and Prieto;
  • Rotator Cuff Arthropathy grades IB, IIA and IIB of Seebauer;
  • Active or recent infection;
  • Neuropathic arthropathy;
  • Previous surgery on the same shoulder operated;
  • Patients with painful pathologies of the cervical spine;
  • Patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia;
  • Patients who do not understand or do not agree with the consent form;
  • Fatty degeneration of the muscles of the MR resonance;
  • Retraction of the tendon greater than 3cm (MRI or intraoperative);
  • Subscapular or Infraspinatus rupture that needs repair (MRI or intraoperative).

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

54 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Rotator cuff repair plus PRP
Experimental group
Description:
Conventional arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff with application of PRP.
Treatment:
Other: Platelet rich plasma
Rotator cuff repair alone
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Conventional arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff without application of PRP
Treatment:
Other: Platelet rich plasma

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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