Polymorphisms, Caffeine and Sleep Disorders (SOCAF)


Institute of Biomedical Research of the Army




Sleep Disorder
Coffee-Workers' Disease


Genetic: Polymorphisms

Study type


Funder types



IDRCB (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility


Screening of a population of volunteer workers recruited on the occasion of their occupational health visit, within the Ministry of Defense and civil enterprises. The voluntary subjects included will, after signing a consent, take a saliva sample (Kit Oragen DNA OG500) and fill out a computerized questionnaire. A posteriori, the genotyping polymorphisms may be associated with variations in the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics of caffeine will be achieved. The primary objective is to determine whether polymorphisms (alone or in combination) of genes associated with the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics of caffeine are independent risk factors for sleep disorders. The secondary objectives are to determine the frequency of these polymorphisms and to evaluate the consequences of these associations on sleep habits (sleep time, chronotype, quality of sleep), daytime sleepiness, caffeine consumption, antecedents of accidents at work or traffic, drug consumption ...

Full description

Coffee is one of the most consumed drinks in the world and its consumption has doubled in 20 years. Because of the health benefits of caffeine (present in many foods and medicines), but also adverse effects, its physiological actions deserve to be better known and its use better framed. Indeed, caffeine is the most used psychoactive substance to prevent the deterioration of the cognitive performance of night workers and soldiers in operation. Its "strategic" use is even recommended in many armies. In its sustained-release dosage form (Caffeine 300 mg), it is the only drug, increasing alertness, authorized in the French military. Caffeine also has beneficial effects on inflammatory response, muscle activity, insulin sensitivity, cardiovascular risk, weight gain, neuroprotection, chronic pain. Usual consumption of 2 to 3 coffees a day is recommended by the American Nutrition Society. However, coffee consumption is associated with many side effects such as anxiety, sleep disorders, increased blood pressure, cardiovascular and obstetric conditions or depression. Many authors therefore recommend limiting its use. In particular, it is considered a risk factor for sleep disorders such as insomnia. The physiological effects and sensitivity to side effects of caffeine are characterized by very high individual variability3 related to age, sex, habitual coffee consumption, smoking, but also to genetic polymorphisms. Indeed, multiple polymorphisms are associated with changes in pharmacokinetics (see Table 1) or pharmacodynamics (efficacy, see Table 2) of caffeine. Sensitivity to caffeine is associated in particular with greater vulnerability to sleep deprivation, sleep disorders and stress.n particular, polymorphisms of the adenosine receptor (ADORA) gene, a therapeutic target for caffeine, are particularly involved in the individual variability of caffeine sensitivity, side effects and consumption habits. But many other polymorphisms of genes encoding enzymes involved in metabolism or physiological effects are also associated with the individual variability of caffeine. On the other hand, some gene polymorphisms such as the adenosine deaminase gene (ADA) which degrades caffeine and regulates intra- and extracellular concentrations, are associated with greater vulnerability to sleep deprivation, without the effects on caffeine sensitivity are known. Currently, it is difficult to assess the impact of these polymorphisms on the beneficial effects and / or risks associated with caffeine consumption due to their number and lifestyle, including coffee consumption. In other words, are sleep disorders favored by polymorphism and / or habitual consumption of caffeine? Are there profiles of high vulnerability to sleep deprivation and sensitivity to caffeine? Do these polymorphisms have a link with burnout, work stress, diseases?


1,100 patients




18 to 60 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* active workers

Exclusion criteria

* inactive subject (unemployed, student...) * involuntary subject

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

1,100 participants in 1 patient group

Other group
Classification of sleep disorders prevalence through polymorphisms
Genetic: Polymorphisms

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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