Power Dissipation in Flow-controlled Ventilation (POWER-FLOW)

M

Medical University Innsbruck

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Abdominal Surgery
Mechanical Ventilation

Treatments

Device: Evone

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06222463
1091/2023

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goal of this randomized clinical cross-over trial is to compare power dissipation (Pd) during flow-controlled ventilation with either standard of low tidal volume ventilation or compliance guided individualization of ventilator settings. This study is performed in patients scheduled for open abdominal surgery and the primary and secondary outcome parameters are: * power dissipation \[J/min\] during ventilation calculated by integrating the hysteresis of the tracheal pressure-volume loop * applied mechanical power during ventilation calculated by published formulas \[1\] * oxygenation of the blood assessed by PaO2/FiO2 ratio * decarboxylation assessed by required respiratory minute volume to maintain normocapnia * comparison of respiratory variables in low tidal volume versus individualized ventilation Participants will randomly receive either low tidal volume (LTV) or individualized flow-controlled ventilation \[2\]. In the LTV group, the positive end-expiratory pressure will be set to 5 cmH2O and the peak pressure set to achieve a tidal volume of 7 ml/kg predicted body weight. In the individualized group positive end-expiratory and peak pressure will be titrated to achieve the highest compliance \[2\]. In both groups the flow will be set to achieve normocapnia (PaCO2 35-45 mmHg). After obtaining three consecutive measurements the ventilation strategy will be switched to the alternative regime in a cross-over design and again, three measurements recorded. The investigators hypothesize, that individualized ventilator settings are able to improve ventilation efficiency in terms of a lower required minute volume to maintain normocapnia and thus is able to reduce power dissipation during ventilation. Secondary endpoint will be a comparison of Pd to calculated mechanical power, as a currently accepted surrogate parameter for ventilation invasiveness \[2\] and also outcome predictor. Additionally, gas exchange parameters such as oxygenation and decarboxylation will be compared between low tidal volume and individualized ventilation.

Full description

After anesthesia induction and securing the airway with a tracheal tube, tha patients will be ventilated with flow-controlled ventilation (FCV) using standard of low tidal volume ventilation with a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 5 cmH2O and the peak pressure set to achieve a tidal volume of 7 ml/kg predicted body weight. I:E ration will be set to 1:1, the gas flow adjusted to achieve normocapnia and the fraction of inspired oxygen adjusted to achieve normoxia. After opening the abdominal cavity baseline parameters will be recorded and subsequently the study participant randomized to one of the following treatment group: low tidal volume ventilation (LTV): PEEP will be set to 5 cmH2O, peak pressure adjusted to achieve a tidal volume of 7 ml/kg predicted body weight and the flow set to achieve normocapnia (PaCO2 of 35-45 mmHg) individualized FCV: PEEP and peak pressure will be titrated based on dynamic compliance. First PEEP well be increased or decreased until the highest tidal volume at the same driving pressure can be achieved. Then the driving pressure or peak pressure will be increased, until there is no further over-proportional increase in tidal volume (previous tidal volume + measured compliance). Finally the gas flow will be set to achieve normocapnia (PaCO2 of 35-45 mmHg) Three measurements will be obtained with 15 minutes in between and subsequently the ventilation setting switched to the alternative group, followed by additional three consecutive measurements. After obtaining all study related measurements the observation period ends and the patient will be further treated with the ventilation strategy that results in the lowest energy dissipation.

Enrollment

20 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male and female subjects ≥ 18 years
  • Body weight ≥ 40 kg
  • Elective open abdominal surgery under general anaesthesia - American Society of Anesthesiologists Classification I-III
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Emergency surgery
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists Classification IV-V
  • Female subjects known to be pregnant
  • Known participation in another interventional clinical trial

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

20 participants in 2 patient groups

low tidal volume ventilation
Active Comparator group
Description:
Flow-controlled ventilation will be established with a PEEP of 5 cmH2O, peak pressure set to achieve a tidal volume of 7 ml/kg predicted body weight and the flow set to achieve normocapnia at an I:E ration of 1:1. Three consecutive measurements of power dissipation with 15 minutes in between will be obtained. Additionally secondary outcome parameters such as respiratory parameters and results of arterial blood gas analysis will be recorded at each measurement timepoint.
Treatment:
Device: Evone
individualized FCV
Experimental group
Description:
Flow-controlled ventilation will be individualized with compliance guided PEEP and peak pressure titration. The flow will be set to achieve normocapnia at an I:E ration of 1:1. Three consecutive measurements of power dissipation with 15 minutes in between will be obtained. Additionally secondary outcome parameters such as respiratory parameters and results of arterial blood gas analysis will be recorded at each measurement timepoint.
Treatment:
Device: Evone

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Patrick Spraider, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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