Pranayama and Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise Applied to Female Patients With Fibromyalgia

I

Inonu University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Fibromyalgia

Treatments

Behavioral: diaphragm breathing exercise
Behavioral: Pranayama

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05840939
2344633

Details and patient eligibility

About

Female patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia were divided into pranayama breathing exercise, diaphragm breathing exercise and control groups. The sleep quality, pain and fatigue levels of the patients in the intervention group were determined before and after the breathing exercise.

Full description

Aim: This study was conducted to determine the effect of pranayama and diaphragm breathing exercises applied to female patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia on sleep quality, pain and fatigue levels. Material and Method: This study, designed as a randomized controlled and experimental study, was conducted between November 2022 and June 2023. The data of the study consisted of 100 female patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia: 32 in the pranayama group, 33 in the diaphragm breathing exercise group and 35 in the control group. As data collection tools; Patient Information Form, Visual Analog Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Scale were used. During the study, the control group received routine treatment, while the two groups in the intervention group received the following training given by the researcher; They were asked to do pranayama and diaphragm breathing exercise 3 sets a day (morning-afternoon-evening), 7 days a week for 6 weeks. At the end of this process, sleep quality, pain and fatigue levels of three groups were evaluated again. Results: It was observed that there was no statistically significant difference between the initial pain and sleep quality total scores of three groups (p>0.05), there was a significant difference between the groups in terms of pain, fatigue and sleep quality scores after the application (p<0.05). Conclusion: As a result, it was determined that breathing exercises reduced the patients' pain and fatigue levels and improved their sleep quality. Keywords: Pain, diaphragmatic breathing, fibromyalgia, pranayama, sleep quality, fatigue

Enrollment

100 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

•● Being 18 years or older

  • Being a female patient who has had pain for at least three months and has been diagnosed with fibromyalgia by a physician according to the ACR 2016 fibromyalgia diagnostic criteria.
  • Having a PSQI score of five and above
  • Complaint of fatigue and getting a score of 4 or above on the fatigue severity scale
  • Pain score of one or above according to VAS
  • Having no communication problems and knowing how to read, write and speak Turkish
  • Not being pregnant and not breastfeeding

Exclusion criteria

  • Having a malignancy related to the respiratory system (bronchus or lung)
  • Having tuberculosis disease
  • Having chest pain
  • Having any psychiatric diagnosis during outpatient clinic screenings
  • Having a nasal septum derivation or adenoid that will affect the ventilation process
  • Having previously practiced/trained in pranayama or diaphragmatic breathing exercises

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

100 participants in 3 patient groups

pranayama
Experimental group
Description:
At the beginning, each patient in this group was shown one-on-one by the researcher and taught by applying them together, taking into account the application steps, how to practice pranayama. In the next step, the patients were asked to do this application themselves. Sleep quality, pain and fatigue levels of the patients were determined after 6 weeks.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Pranayama
diaphragm breathing exercise group
Experimental group
Description:
At the beginning, the patients in this group were shown how to do the diaphragm breathing exercise and how to do the diaphragm breathing exercise, taking into account the application steps, each patient was shown individually by the researcher and taught by applying them together. In the next step, the patients were asked to do this application themselves. Sleep quality, pain and fatigue levels of the patients were determined after 6 weeks.
Treatment:
Behavioral: diaphragm breathing exercise
control group
No Intervention group
Description:
It is the group where no application has been made.

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Şevki Hakan EREN

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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